When choosing the best material for the roof of the house is difficult to rely only on a single criterion. The ideal roof requires that it was and durable, and beautiful, and resistant to damage of various kinds. Therefore, the material is chosen depending on the priorities of the future homeowner. In fact, any material meets certain requirements – the buyer only needs to define them.
These are the basic requirements for a modern roof material for a private home:
- Durability refers to the ability of the roof to withstand climatic effects and accidental physical damage. It is determined by the chemical properties of the material and its strength.
- There is a requirement for any modern material to be environmentally friendly. It is good not only for the environment, but also for the health of the inhabitants of the house.
- The design decisions of modern buildings can be very unusual – thus, the coating must be elastic enough to take the necessary shape.
- Appearance is also important – so it’s worth looking at photos of roof coverings for your home before you buy.
One of the earliest materials to cover a roof is ceramic plates, shingles. They are based on clay, fired at a very high temperature – not below 1000 ° C. The quality and technology of processing determines the properties of tiles – frost resistance, strength, durability.
And, if before the production of tiles was difficult and time-consuming process, in modern factories provide all the necessary conditions. After firing, the dark red tiles are coated with glaze or engobe – these substances make them stronger, additionally protect them from moisture, ultraviolet light. In addition, you can add dyes to them, thus giving the roof the desired shade.
- Ceramic tiles are strong and durable – the roof will not collapse even after 100 years.
- It’s a pretty ancient invention, but it still hasn’t gone out of style – houses covered with tiles look stylish.
- Shingles protect the house not only from rain and snow, but also from high and low temperatures and from noise.
- Ceramic hardly absorbs moisture, especially if it is treated with a glaze. In addition, it does not react to ultraviolet light, acid, or radiation.
- Heavy weight;
- You need a certain surface angle when building;
- Tile is the most expensive option in the catalog of roofing materials.
Ondulin is cellulose fibers compressed under high temperature. They are impregnated with special solutions that allow the layers to better adhere to each other, protecting them from chemical attack.
Dyes can be added to the mixture to give the desired color to future sheets. The result is light and thin (3 mm) sheets, curved in waves. This material is popular in Europe because it contains only organic substances.
Ondulin is used not only for roofing, but also for canopies or arches, roofs for pergolas. The reason for this is the variety of possible colors, water resistance and ease of installation.
- Because of the special treatment, it does not absorb and does not pass water, even if you put it in a pond. Neither rain, nor hail, nor snow is afraid of a roof made of ondulin.
- This material does not succumb to chemical and biological effects. This is also due to the substances that impregnate cellulose fibers.
- Sheets of ondulin have a very low weight, which facilitates the work of builders.
- To lay the material on the roof, it is enough ordinary tools and superficial skills in construction.
- If improperly installed, ondulin loses strength – while the sheets themselves are not too resistant to stress.
- Because this material is entirely organic, it burns faster than shingles or slate.
- The material is short-lived – over time, its colors begin to fade and sometimes fungus sets in.
Metal tile is most commonly found in cold climates, on roofs that primarily require strength and durability. It is essentially profiled metal, coated with a layer of polymer and modified to look like shingles.
It’s all designed to protect the metal from climatic influences and to moderate the physical effects. The main component can be aluminum, copper, or steel.
- In terms of strength, metal tile ranks first among roof coverings. It is able to withstand both single impacts and prolonged loads.
- Metal tile is a very compact material, while having a low weight. It does not put too much strain on the load-bearing walls of the building.
- Longevity and reliability of this material allows you to cover the roof once, and then do not worry about it. Metal roofs can stand for decades without needing repair. Given the affordable price per sheet, this material is considered the most practical.
- A quality metal roof for a home is fireproof because the substances in its base are noncombustible.
- Due to the strength of the sheets installation of metal tiles is very difficult, and requires a large consumption of material.
- During precipitation, the impact on the metal is very loud – additional soundproofing of the ceiling will be required.
- Although metal shingles repel water, condensation can form on the inside if not treated properly.
Often profiled sheet (profiled sheet) is used to cover warehouses or small stores. These are sheets of galvanized, cold-rolled steel that are overlaid one on top of the other like shingles, but joined differently.
Lightweight, impact-resistant and relatively inexpensive material is good for budget buildings. Profiled sheeting is coated with a polymer coating that protects the steel from corrosion, acid and high temperatures – most often it is pural or polyester.
- Trapezoidal sheeting is lightweight, impact-resistant and compact, and therefore easy to install and move. If you need to quickly cover a large area, it is better to use corrugated sheeting.
- It is fireproof – steel sheets will not let the fire spread.
- Trapezoidal sheet can be covered with paint of any color and texture, “disguising” with other types of roofing for the roof of the house.
- Environmentally friendly and low cost.
- The most important disadvantage of this material is zero sound insulation, even sound amplification. So, raindrops will sound like a drum roll, throughout the building.
- Although high (or low) temperatures do not affect the protected sheet, it does heat up (or cool down) without keeping the room temperature – additional protection will be needed.
Slate is used not only to cover houses, but also to build fences and barriers. It is a dried up mixture bonded with absinthe. Dyes can be added to it, and substances that strengthen the composition.
Depending on the composition, there are many types of slate. So if you have not yet decided what to cover the roof at the cottage, pay attention to slate.
- This material is durable and strong – it is capable of not cracking or sagging after decades.
- It is not susceptible to rusting, and it doesn’t heat up as quickly compared to other roofing coatings.
- In a fire, such roofing is not flammable.
- Slate is easy to repair and install, and inexpensive at the same time.
- Slate does not let the noise of hail or rain through.
- Slate cracks when exposed to very high temperatures – which slightly reduces its fire safety.
- The strength of this coating is due to its density – so slate sheets weigh from 20 kg.
- Slate does not repel water well, so it quickly grows moss, or absorbs moisture.
Photo tips than to cover the roof of the house
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