After the basic installation, the roof needs cosmetic repairs – a neat finish of the overhangs (the lower part that protrudes beyond the walls). Doing this is not necessarily, many are not filed this part of the house for many reasons, both financial and technological reasons.
But there is a serious argument in favor of doing the final cosmetic measures with the roof – the danger that strong gusts of wind will simply rip off the coating. And all the “stuffing of the pie” in plain sight – waterproofing, insulation, rafters – looks ugly, indicates the incompleteness of roofing work.
Roof overhang cladding is done to protect the walls, the foundation from atmospheric precipitation. At the final stage, when all the roofing work is completed, the exterior walls are insulated.
Brief Article Content:
Varieties of roof flashing
Finishing cosmetic roof trim comes in two varieties:
- Eave trim;
- Finishing the gable overhang.
Eave overhang provides fresh air into the cavities of the roof, the space of the attic room. With a tight fit, improper installation – will not ventilate the “roof pie”, will begin to accumulate moisture.
The complete absence of sheathing causes problems of a serious nature:
- Roof tearing off by wind;
- Damage to waterproofing, insulation by birds, mice, insects,
- Rotting rafters, important supporting elements of the structure;
- Leakage of the ceiling (when water gets into the cavities of the “roof pie”, destruction of waterproofing) with its subsequent collapse.
The finish of the eaves overhangs is always done not solid, and ventilated!
The filing process
- The wall of the building, and the wood trim – have gaps (gaps) left during installation work, covered with mesh to protect against insects, flying leaves, dry twigs;
- Use of ventilation grids when finishing overhangs with metal sheets, boards, wooden battens;
- The use of perforated material in the process of finishing the overhangs with soffits.
The side of the roof slope forms a sloping gable overhang. In the process of filing take care of tightness, so that strong gusty wind did not drive snow, rain drops on the boards, in the space between them, protruding outward battens.
Wet insulation will no longer retain heat well. Damaged waterproofing will not be able to fully perform its functions.
Finishing uncovered elements
The visible end parts of the structure are called “edges.” Often the components are included with the roofing materials, you do not need to make them yourself.
Overhangs have exposed areas that need protection, a neat design:
- Eaves – the rafters, their end part;
- Gable – the purlins, their projecting ends.
Before filing the eaves evenly, keeping the distance, cut all the protruding ends of rafters, mares. They are fastened with a board for strapping, on top of which is nailed to the front. Usually the last fixing element is metal, but it can be wooden, treated with a special protective composition.
A gutter is mounted on the headboard along the eaves.
In the design of the gable overhangs align the protruding parts of the purlins. To the edges, ridge beam nail the end board, which is covered with finishing roofing material at the finish.
The photos show popular types of roof cladding using a variety of material. All of the many existing trim options eventually boil down to two ways of decorating:
- Straight trim;
- Horizontal trim.
Straight roof overhang trim is the least troublesome, the easiest. It is important that the edges of the rafters are common, the roof has a low slope. Caulking – at the ends of purlins.
When the slope is steep, the horizontal design of the edges is performed. Wooden box is constructed, which is attached to the ends of the rafters, to the surface of the wall. With the help of bars of this design, fixed at different heights, make a slope for the flow of water.
In the process of hemming the gable overhang ignore the design of the eaves. At the ends of the purlins attach bars, on which we do finishing.
Every craftsman working with roofing has his own notion of how to do it right. What type of work to do on the site. What is best to use in this or that situation.
The modern construction market offers the following set of material for roof sheathing:
- Soffit cladding;
- Using OSB;
- Plywood upholstery;
- Use of sheet steel;
- Roof lining with corrugated steel sheeting;
- PVC paneling;
- The use of wood paneling;
- Paneling chipped, trimmed softwood boards.
In the process of selecting the material, take into account the style of decoration of the house. Dark wood, which was insulated exterior walls, will not harmonize with the snow-white timber used in the finishing of the eaves! A reasonable contrast is important.
All materials are sold by the meter – 1 square meter is taken into account. In the process of deciding on the finish of the roof, we are guided by financial possibilities.
The cheapest simple option – cladding eaves board, treated with a special antiseptic composition. Slightly more expensive – decoration with wooden battens. No less popular trim roof waterproofing siding.
Expensive, elite option – finishing eaves soffit. Finishing plywood, profiled sheeting – a little cheaper.
Work with soffits – the easiest way to hem the roof with your own hands without the involvement of specialists. This material is specially designed for the design of eaves, designed for this type of work.
Soffits are made of copper, steel, aluminum, plastic (vinyl). They have different colors. They come in:
- Solid ;
Soffits are convenient because they can be chosen to suit any taste, decorate any house with them. Working with them does not cause difficulties. The slats are simply cut, fastened, assembled as a construction set. As a result, the roof looks beautiful, elegant and stylish.
Mistakes during roof linings.
Working with soffits is a real pleasure for craftsmen. The ease of assembly attracts many non-professionals to the process of actively using them. Based on popular mistakes made by them, let us give a number of useful recommendations:
- Observe the installation process, achieve neatness in the design.
- Securely fix soffit panels. Do not economize on fasteners. Otherwise, a strong wind will tear the entire structure;
- The trim is performed after the installation of gutters, after the completion of design, insulation of the outer walls;
- We use stainless fasteners so that rust stains do not ruin the aesthetic appearance.
- Observe the technological gap – fasten the panels with indents.
Thus, decorating your house, making a cosmetic repair, you need to approach the choice of construction material wisely. Do not buy, for example, too thin linings or unsuitable on the technical parameters of a planed board.
In the absence of experience, it is better not to learn from your mistakes by yourself, to attract to the process of decorating specialists in their business – builders, architects, designers. This is the only way to make your home fashionable, stylish, elegant, and not to spoil the expensive building material.
Photo of the roof trim