Stoves for the bath – general requirements, types and features of bath stoves




To the Gogol’s words “what Russian does not like a fast ride” can easily be added “and baths”. However, in order for your favorite hygienic procedures to help you not only to forget the everyday worries, but also to get healthy, to equip the steam room should be carefully. First of all it concerns the choice of heaters. It can be done correctly by someone who knows enough about these units. The purpose of this article is to acquaint the readers with a variety of sauna stoves and features of their different types.

Photo 1. The furnace – the soul of the bath

Article Summary:

General requirements for heat generators for steam rooms

Today, all lovers of steaming have the opportunity to buy a stove for their banya, which will meet the parameters of the steam room and the wishes of the steamers. With the available range of furnace equipment to do this is not difficult. But, giving preference to one or another type of heater, you must remember that it must:

  • Have a power corresponding to the area to be heated.
  • Provide the necessary fire safety and ease of operation.
  • Provide a gradual and even heating of the steam room.
  • Heat the room under the ceiling to a sufficiently high temperature.
  • Heat the stones to at least 450-500 degrees.
  • Keep smoke and soot out of the steam room.
  • Have an aesthetic appearance.

Types of sauna stoves and their differences

In order for the selected unit to meet your expectations, you need to consider what material it is made of, what kind of heater it has, what fuel it uses, etc. Let’s consider the features of different types of heat generators.

Material of manufacture

The classic sauna stove is used to consider a structure made of burnt bricks. It creates a special atmosphere in the steam room, keeps heat for a long time. But its construction:

  • Requires quite a bit of experience.
  • Only possible in a large room.
  • Performed on a solid foundation.

Photo 2. Brick construction has not only pluses, but also minuses

Because of these difficulties, prefabricated metal units have become increasingly popular, which:

  • Made of steel, cast iron, and composite materials.
  • Available in a variety of off-the-shelf models, allowing you to choose the best option.
  • Don’t require a lot of space or time to install.
  • Allows you to create different modes for steaming: Russian bath, sauna, hammam.

Steel stoves heat the steam room faster, and cast-iron ones retain heat longer.

Photo 3. Numerous manufacturers produce a variety of models of such equipment

Type of fuel used

While brick stoves are stoked solely with wood, metal stoves can run on a variety of fuels:

  • Firewood and wood products. Adherents of the classics claim that only wood units can create the perfect bathing atmosphere.
  • Natural gas. Today it is the cheapest fuel, and gas stoves have a high efficiency. But centralized gas supply is not yet available everywhere.
  • Liquid fuel. It can be both diesel fuel and liquefied gas. But in order to use diesel or fuel oil, the furnace part of the unit must be taken outdoors.

There are also electric furnaces that are safe and economical, don’t need a chimney, are mounted on the floor and hung on the wall, and are as fireproof and environmentally friendly as possible because they don’t emit combustion products into the atmosphere. There are units that use a combination of solid fuel: wood, coal, peat, pellets. There is also universal equipment, which is solid fuel, but in the presence of additional elements can run on natural or liquefied gas.

Photo 4. Wood, gas, and electric furnace (left to right)

Type of sauna heater

There are two types of sauna heaters:

  • Open. With these, the air in the steam room is heated directly by the heat given off by the stones. A sauna with such a heat generator reaches the operating mode very quickly, but it does not retain heat for long.
  • Enclosed. If the stone deposit is in a closed container, the stones are heated to high temperatures, which allows the production of finely dispersed steam. The steam room will be heated evenly, thanks to convection, and the fuel consumption will be economical. But start heating such a stove in advance.

Photo 5. Two units with an open heater (left) and two with a closed heater

Covers and Cladding

One of the advantages of metal units is that they can be purchased in various configurations. In a “bare” form their use is not welcomed, neither for safety reasons, nor from the point of view of influences on human health. Therefore, to accumulate heat, to accelerate the heating of the steam room, to keep a comfortable temperature in it, to shield the harsh UV radiation, as well as to improve the aesthetic appearance of the stoves are used:

  • Brick lining.

Photo 6.

  • Steel convection-ventilated housings.

Photo 7.

  • Steel nets of various shapes and sizes.

Photo 8.

  • Stone cladding made of talcochlorite, serpentine, pyroxenite and other rocks.

Photo 9.

Furnace tunnel and door

The classic version of the bathhouse arrangement involves installing the stove in the steam room. But when using models with extended furnace tunnels, the door for loading fuel is taken out into the adjacent room. The outward channel in steel units is usually welded, and in heavy cast iron units – removable.

Photo 10. Two models with furnace tunnel (left) and two without it

Prospective users can also choose for their sauna stove the best option for the firebox door, which comes in:

  • Deaf, i.e., without glass.
  • With standard glass.
  • With panoramic glass in different shapes.

Photo 11. Doors with standard, panoramic glass and blank (from left to right)

Heat exchangers and steam generators to expand furnace capabilities

The high heat output of bath heat generators can be used to heat water used for bathing or heating the living areas of the house. A device called a heat exchanger is used for this purpose. It is a container in which cold water enters. Once heated, it exits to a wall-mounted tank or radiator.

Photo 12. The tank can be hung on the unit itself or on the wall

Fans of “Russian” bathing want their furnace unit to generate finely dispersed “light” steam. To do this, the right combination of temperature and humidity must be achieved. This can be done by using a stove with a built-in steam generator, or by purchasing a model that has the sauna heater itself as such a steam generator.

Photo 13: Stoves with a steam generator

We hope that the information in our article will help you choose the most suitable stove for your bath.

On the Liteyka Pro website you can read about different kinds of stoves for baths:

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