step by step instructions, how to make with your own hands




People who are engaged in growing garden and vegetable crops are concerned about the problem of their full and timely feeding. Garden composter will help to solve the problem simply and without much cost.

Article Summary:

Fertilizer composition

Compost consists of organic compounds and is an excellent fertilizer. Microorganisms contribute to the decomposition of accumulated waste. Compost includes:

  • nitrogen;
  • carbon;
  • oxygen;
  • moisture.

Nitrogen is found in green grass, haulm, and food scraps. All of this can be stored for fertilizer.

Carbon is formed in compost from dry organic residues: tree bark, straw, fallen leaves, sawdust, paper and cardboard. These should be half as much as the nitrogen content. Manure, peat, and eggshells are also suitable as waste.

It is necessary to stir the contents constantly to produce oxygen. It is necessary to make sure that the walls of the composter let air in. The compost has to be moistened all the time. If it is dry, it should be watered periodically from a hose.

All of the constituent residues will gradually decompose as the microorganisms generate heat.

Weeds, diseased plants, synthetics, and citrus fruit peels should not be used. Waste must be stored according to the rules.

General overview of garden composters

Various containers can be used as compost accumulators. Since ancient times, various wooden devices have been made for this purpose. They can be of all kinds and designs.

Barrel composters were a common option. But since the appearance of such containers is not attractive enough, they were put somewhere far away in the depths of the plot.

Currently, some gardeners continue to use budget options for composters. The simplest method is a compost pit up to 1 m deep. Care should be taken with a humidification system and ventilation of the contents.

A variety of compost storage designs are now on the market. They are more aesthetic and convenient to use. Their capacity allows you to accumulate up to 200 liters or more of valuable fertilizer. The quality of the compost has also improved. In these containers, it became more crumbly. See photos of different garden composters.

Industrial products have a longer service life, a clever air circulation mechanism. Tanks are hermetically sealed, which contributes to obtaining high-quality fertilizer.

The products for obtaining compost have different costs. It depends on the material, volume, and manufacturer. The cheapest composter can be purchased for 2 thousand rubles, and the most expensive will cost 30 thousand.

A simple and inexpensive version will do for a summer cottage plot. For year-round use, you can buy a more expensive and practical model.

How to make a composter

You can buy a ready-made organic material storage unit, but it is better to make a composter with your own hands. It will not take much time and will help to save money.

There are open or closed composters, that is, with or without a lid. For a plot of 6 acres, a capacity of 800 liters is suitable.

You need to think about the location of the composter so that you can approach it from any side. You will need to carry the fertilizer around the plot by hand or by wheelbarrow.

The size of the box can be different. You can make a square with sides of about 1 meter.

The question of what to make a composter from is not acute. For self-made, different material is suitable.

Supports impregnated with antiseptic against fungus and buried in the soil. Supports are clad with slate, boards, plastic and other sheet material that is available. Attach the cover and the structure is ready for use.

Dacha composters are made by craftsmen from thin logs, from vines. It will be not only aesthetically pleasing, but also environmentally friendly.

To make the fertilizer tanks last longer, it is recommended to use short asbestos-cement pipes at the corners for the racks. Their base is better to be concreted. For the accumulation of moisture the bottom is left earthen.

If it is not possible to make a composter with a lid, you can cover the structure with a piece of plastic or other material. The compost tank can consist of one, two or three sections.

How to choose a plastic composter

There is a large selection of plastic composters for sale. It is a highly durable material and is resistant to temperature fluctuations.

The composter is easy to use. It has an airtight bottom and a hatch with a lid. There are holes for ventilation. Waste can be easily loaded into the box and easily removed from it as well. The fertilizer is of good quality.

Gardeners and gardeners have different models to choose from. If it is supposed to recycle only food waste, it is better to buy a product with a volume of 200 liters. For a plot of 4 acres and more, choose a volume of 800 to 1000 liters.

Pay attention to the size of the cover. Loading and unloading of material, loosening is more convenient with a product with a large hatch.

Popular models are Thermo-king, Bulbeo imported models. They are very convenient and practical. The German model has an insulated body, two-sided loading. There is a summer and winter mode.

The Bulbeo composter is made in Italy. It consists of separate modules. The waste can be loaded from several sides. The appearance of the products is attractive.

Domestic composters.

The volushka composter is in great demand among gardeners. This is a domestic model of cone-shaped. The four sides are bolted together. The volume of the product is 1000 liters.

The composter is made of propylene with wave-shaped walls. The design is easy to assemble and disassemble. The appearance of the product allows you to put it in any place of the site. The compost in it turns out good quality compost. There is a large selection of composters of different shapes and designs in stores.

So, a useful accumulation of waste will help to solve the problem of disposal and enrich the site with a valuable fertilizer. It should be remembered that according to sanitary standards, composters must be located at a distance of 20 m from water sources and 10 m from residential buildings.

There are many options for making and buying garden products for obtaining fertilizer. In favor of which composter to choose, you decide for yourself.

Photo of the garden composter


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