Outdoor lighting is an important component of the livability of a dacha site. It not only prevents uninvited guests, but also facilitates the movement and maintenance of the garden, vegetable garden, greenhouses and other outbuildings. Artificial light gives new shade to the natural beauty, allowing you to enjoy not only the clean air, but also a wonderful view of your own farm until late at night.
Brief Article Content:
Technical features of outdoor lighting
Both a simple lamp mounted at the gate and a specially designed landscape lighting project will require, first and foremost, compliance with electrical standards – lighting fixtures must be able to withstand external influences, and the electrical supply system must be competently insulated and grounded.
It is also important to ensure the functionality of the system – to think about control modes and power supply system.
For outdoor lighting of a summer house plot, it is necessary to use special lighting fixtures with mains or battery power. Electric cable is laid in trenches at a depth of 30-50 cm with a special protective coating for wires.
Installation of the system must be carried out with the preservation of safety standards, special boxes are used for connections, insulated and protected from the effects of temperature and moisture. Earthing is mandatory.
Creating a convenient on/off control, given the range of appliances on the market today, is not difficult. These can be both network panels and remote controls.
It is also possible to install automatic devices that will control lighting autonomously, in conjunction with the overall security system, or as part of the Smart House.
Before you do your own installation or repair of electrical equipment, you need to familiarize yourself with the instructions and safety standards for outdoor lighting.
Types of outdoor lighting
Any light source installed on private property serves the functions of protection, access and decoration. The different modes and functions overlap in the overall design, but the following conventional division helps to develop the best option that combines the requirements of functionality with the overall architectural and landscape style. It also takes into account the size and location of the site, residential, service and decorative structures.
According to their purpose, lighting systems are divided into the following groups:
Security lighting indicates the presence of people. For this purpose, it is advisable to use self-powered lights, equipped with time relays or photocells for automatic switching on with the onset of darkness.
Security points are placed along the perimeter of the site, at doors and gates, and in areas that are under video surveillance. Sound alarms can be installed in such systems. Another scarecrow can be infrared sensors that turn on the light when approaching living creatures.
A functional lighting system provides access to all areas of the site at night. Lights are usually installed at the edges of paths, stairs, bridges. They are part of the landscape lighting, and in addition to providing safe movement, they also have a decorative function.
Such a system should be as durable as possible and easy to use for all seasons. Different methods of energy saving can be tested on it – solar panels, sensor sensors, photocells, etc.
Decorative lighting performs the function of decorating and transforming the site at night. It is akin to architectural and artistic lighting, only in this case the object of the decor are lawns, trees, gazebos, artificial ponds and alpine hills. If desired, you can also implement the lighting of the facade of the cottage.
A variety of such lighting can be considered a festive decoration of the site and dacha house in the form of neon lights, which can be timed to traditional dates, or simply become a hobby and entertainment during the dacha vacation.
All three types of lighting are combined in a single project, complementing each other functionally, and creating an overall light picture of the object.
The rules for lighting the garden plot
There are several universal factors to consider when designing and implementing a lighting project.
It is necessary in every way to avoid overdoing the number and power of lighting fixtures. Calculations and schemes are better to do the minimum. After all, there is always the possibility of adding new elements.
The exact location of the lighting fixture, especially in cases where the lighting angle will be static, is better determined during experiments on a specific site, with specific lighting fixtures. This is the only way to adjust both the decorative and functional effect of the lighting.
The site should look well maintained and harmonious also during the day. The style and decoration of lighting fixtures in the daylight period catches the eye, so they must be chosen in harmony of color and shape. It is also possible to use masking of lighting fixtures.
The lighting of nearby neighboring houses and lots can introduce dissonance, spoil the scenery by crossing the light beams. The lighting of neighbors should be taken into account, and when considering options for lighting your plot, it is better to agree in advance with your neighbors on the issues of functionality and aesthetics.
Outdoor lighting should not create discomfort indoors. Zoning the site will help to avoid both excessive and insufficient lighting.
The presence or absence of street lighting adjacent to a suburban lot, or if it is still in the design phase, should also be considered when calculating and marking out the lighting points.
Types of fixtures.
Top or bottom lighting is used to decorate areas at night. With overhead lighting, such as with pole lamps or spotlights, objects must be at a certain distance.
With down lighting, which is increasingly being used not only for design but also for path lighting, light sources are placed in the vicinity of the objects of illumination.
The general view photo of the plots shows examples of backlit lighting at different levels.
Classic park lights and spotlights, as well as ground lighting and high-tech poles, allow you to realize any fantasy. The range of holiday lighting, sculptural and multi-colored lamps for landscape design is also wide enough.
When choosing a design project and lighting fixtures, in addition to individual preferences, you need to be guided by the quality parameters of goods and services.
Photo of site lighting