Roofing materials – what to choose? Types of the best and proven materials for the roof (97 photos)

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The roof is an integral part of any house. In choosing a roofing material, it is important to consider all the features, disadvantages and advantages. Different types of roofing materials are designed for different types of houses and weather conditions. Therefore, before buying a roofing material is recommended to carefully examine the options presented in the market.

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Types of roofing material

Absolutely all homes are covered with roofing. In its manufacture use a variety of materials, each of which is designed for a particular type of roof and building. Some of them are used only in the arrangement of country houses and cottages, while others are used in the decoration of household buildings.

In order to choose a roofing material for the design of the house should be carefully studied the characteristics of its various types.

According to the type of component used in the production, the following types of roofing materials are distinguished:

  • organic;
  • Inorganic;
  • metallic.


The first type uses bitumen and polymer components. Bitumen roofing materials last up to twenty-five years. Among the significant disadvantages – rapid combustion and instability to sunlight. As for the polymers, they provide a longer service life (up to 70 years) and resistance to high temperatures.

In this regard, inorganic components are much more attractive due to their high resistance to rot and fire. However, mineral components are susceptible to deterioration under the influence of frequent and sharp temperature fluctuations.

The materials usually contain clay components and moisture-absorbing slate. Temperature fluctuations destroy these components, which eventually leads to the destruction of the structure of the roof.

Among the main metals used in the manufacture of the base of the roofing material are:

  • galvanized steel;
  • zinc-titanium;
  • copper;
  • aluminum.

A roof made of metal is the most durable and long-lasting. The cost of the material for such a roof is certainly not insignificant, but the service life is higher, and the characteristics of resistance to weather conditions and temperature extremes is better.

Among the features of copper and titanium – the formation of greenish patina on the surface over time, which gives some originality to the exterior of the house. One disadvantage of metal roofing is that it is noisy from wind, rain and hail.

In addition to the components of the roofing material, it is important to consider the type of building. Its purpose directly affects the roofing material.

The market is really diverse and offers such roofing material options:

  • Standing seam roofing;
  • piece;
  • sheet;
  • Bulk;
  • soft.


Important! Each of the above types has several subspecies. The assortment of goods is wide and therefore divided into groups for easier orientation in products and its selection.

As for waterproofing roofing materials, they are highly waterproof. There are different types: mastic, roll, piece, etc. The material is based on bitumen or polymers.

There are certain standards in the production of waterproofing materials, such as: heat resistance, water resistance, elasticity, etc. The range of such materials is wide and the choice should be based on the needs and type of building.

Soft roofing

When installing a roof, the weight of the material is very important. Seemingly lightweight sheet of roofing weighing four kilograms, the total weight of the coating can overload the rafter system. However, if you plan to install the roof with your own hands, then pay attention to the materials that have not only lightweight construction, but also a simple installation system (processing, cutting, repair).

Soft roofing has all these characteristics. This material is quite popular and you probably have more than once met a photo of similar roofing materials in the network or seen a house with a similar roof in person.


Pros include:

  • Resistance to external environmental aggressors such as: temperature fluctuations, wind, moisture.
  • High durability.
  • Easy installation.
  • Installation of the coating on complexly constructed roofs without organizing preparatory measures.
  • No noise.
  • Fire resistance.
  • Long service life (up to fifteen years).

Sheets

Metal tile is very popular among private homeowners because it has a number of advantages:

  • Attractive appearance;
  • high durability;
  • A lacquered coating that provides surface protection;
  • resistance to external aggressors.

Of course, the operation of this type of roofing is accompanied by noise. The basis of the coating is a sheet of steel up to 0.5 millimeters thick.

The lacquer coating prevents damage from small pebbles and twigs that get on the roof and leave small dents and scratches when exposed to the wind.

They are also capable of damaging the paint. Coating with lacquer eliminates the risk of damage and corrosion that occurs when moisture gets on the damaged areas.


Beneath the lacquer coating are layers of primer and aluminum. The finished products are lightweight. This greatly simplifies transportation and installation of the structure. The average weight of one square meter of metal is three to five kg.

Shingles

The popularity of seam roofing is growing faster and faster. This is due to the high reliability of the coating, resistance to external environmental aggressors and good quality.

Important! This type of roofing is popular in the construction of classic Russian houses. Nowadays it is actively used in restoration works.

The seam roofing materials are made by a special technology with the use of unusual seams formed as a result of the connection of the elements of the roof. They come in several varieties:

  • Single;
  • standing;
  • double;
  • recumbent.

Important: Ruberoid, used in the manufacture of roll roofing materials for waterproofing of the roof, is not fire-resistant.

Any of the options described have pros and cons. In order to find out which roofing material is better, find out the features and uses and compare them to your needs, preferences and finances.

Photos of roofing materials





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