Ensuring an uninterrupted water supply to a private home is a task of the utmost importance, to cope with it by virtue of powerful and high-quality pumping equipment. Now hikes with buckets to the well are reduced to a minimum, as modern manufacturers offer for sale various types of pumps, among which there are many options available at a cost to the main mass of homeowners.
A dacha pump may meet minimal requirements, as it involves use only during the warm season, and usually at minimum power.
The choice of equipment for water supply in a private home, where the family resides year-round, the requirements will be a little higher. To understand how to choose the right autonomous source of water supply, let’s try below.
Varieties of pumping equipment
Depending on whether the equipment is installed on the surface of the ground or is lowered into the water, it is possible to distinguish surface and submersible models. The first option is preferable for use at positive air temperatures or in special premises built under the pumping station.
In this case, a rigid and level platform is built near the well, the installation is placed directly on it, and the hose of the equipment is lowered down. If you still want to use a surface pump in winter, be sure to insulate it, using any material serving for this purpose.
However, in most cases, the owners of houses and dachas, advise beginners to install submersible pumps, considering them the best option. Advantages of this type of equipment and, indeed, a lot:
- they provide the necessary depth of water suction without additional equipment, unlike surface models, which have a water intake depth of 7 – 8 meters;
- the depth pump is characterized by a reduced noise level;
- The submersible sump pump pumps perfectly pump water even with fine suspended solids, unlike surface pumps;
- there is a low probability of overheating of the equipment drive, due to being in cool water;
- they easily monitor the liquid level in the well thanks to the float automatics, almost all models are equipped with it;
- easy removal of the pumping equipment for the time when use is stopped, while the surface
- station is much more difficult to dismantle;
- impossibility of air entering the water intake pipe, unlike surface variants, which even at the slightest connection leakage begin to suck in air.
However, it is also worth mentioning the disadvantages of submersible pumps with automation, they necessarily provide for a power line to the well, with their installation is a little more difficult to coordinate the overall automation, which will control the entire water system.
Carefully weigh all the pros and cons, view photos of surface and submersible type well pumps, decide which option is best for your water supply system, taking into account the individual characteristics of the site and home.
Deciding on the technical parameters
The installation of a well pump involves a complete preliminary study of the basic requirements and characteristics that the pumping equipment must meet, depending on the purpose of its use.
Before you buy a self-contained water supply source, you need to understand the following important points:
- Decide on the main area of application of the equipment, decide whether it will be used for a complete water supply
- or only for irrigation of garden plots or other household purposes;
- Based on the purpose of use, calculate its necessary capacity, to meet the quantitative need for water, to create an optimal head;
- Evaluate the remoteness of the well from the water supply buildings or water intake points.
It is necessary to know the depth of the well and the size of the water table. It is ideal to have an accurate idea of the flow rate of the well, that is, the volume of liquid entering it per unit time. Information about the degree of contamination of water in the well, its quality, the state of the soil at the bottom will not be superfluous.
When directly selecting the model of the pump, the main attention should be paid to its electrical parameters, the value of the head created by it, the capacity, etc.
The values of the various electrical parameters given in the description of each pump model will tell you what kind of power supply line is needed so that it can withstand the strain of operating the equipment without problems.
You may have to take out a separate circuit breaker. In addition, many models are very sensitive to power surges, so you may need to install a stabilizer to ensure uninterrupted pump operation.
Regarding the value of the value of the head created by the pump, it should ensure trouble-free lifting of the liquid and its transportation to all planned points of consumption.
At the outlet of the faucet, that is, at the final point of consumption, the head must provide a stream of water that provides a comfortable use of it, this figure may vary from one and a half to two atmospheres.
The capacity of the appliance is an equally important parameter. It characterizes the maximum possible amount of water to be pumped per unit time. This value is selected so that the equipment can cope with the water supply in the most peak situation, when all points of the water system will be involved at the same time.
A significant criterion in choosing will be the size of the pumping equipment. For a submersible pump its length is also important, it must be placed in the well competently, completely go under the water, while remaining from the bottom at the recommended manufacturer’s distance.
Pay attention to the materials from which the body of well pumps are made, they should be of high quality, resistant to corrosion, not affecting the quality of drinking water.
Asked the question, “What pump is best for the well?” do not spare time and effort, calculate what the necessary characteristics should have the future pumping equipment.
Analyze the design features of the site, study the composition and quality of water in the well, the depth of the water layer, make a scheme of the planned water supply system, in order to clearly understand what technical performance pump is ideal to ensure an uninterrupted water supply in your home.
Photo of a well pump
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