Mulching is a very simple and at the same time very effective agricultural technique. It solves the problem of rapid evaporation of moisture, overheating of the soil in the root zone and weed germination.
There are quite a few types of mulch. It is made from the bark of coniferous trees and even pine nut shells. Pine bark mulch can be bought and used to decorate beds, flower beds, and shrubs on the garden plot.
Large agricultural businesses use a variety of agro fabrics for this purpose. Gardeners and vegetable growers widely use organic types of mulch:
Hay, grass clippings
The most accessible and very widespread type of mulch. Accessibility and simplicity of this type of mulch does not detract from its positive qualities. It is used both in raw, just mowed form, and in the form of dried hay.
It is important to cull diseased plants when harvesting this material for mulching so as not to bring in pathogens along with the mulch. You can also use shredded plant debris after using a trimmer or lawn mower for this purpose.
In the midlands and more northern areas where timber processing is well developed, sawdust is a good medium for mulching. Sawdust from deciduous trees will be the best mulch. Sawdust from them can be used both raw and dried.
Sawdust of conifers is desirable to use after drying. They contain resinous substances that can depress some species of cultivated plants. It is desirable to use medium and large fractions of sawdust for mulching. Small ones are quickly washed away and easily blown away by the wind.
This type of mulch is very widely used in landscape design. Different texture of wood chips and coloring is used as a color background in the design of various garden compositions.
Such mulch can be used for several years without losing its qualities. The disadvantage of this type of mulch is its cost and the need for special knowledge and experience.
It is the dried needles of conifers, which are abundant in areas where coniferous forests grow. Available and easy to use material for mulching, without any negative properties.
Due to its lower density than sawdust and chips, it does not prevent the flow of oxygen into the mulched soil, which favorably affects the vital activity of soil microflora.
This type of mulch is still quite exotic. It comes from – abroad and is used for mulching in loose form and in the form of mats of various sizes. It is obtained from the fibers of coconut pericarp.
It is better to use fiber soaked in fresh water. What is soaked in sea water – a lot of sodium, which can negatively affect the plants, leaching with irrigation water. The main disadvantage is the cost and availability.
As it turns out, the choice of organic mulch is vast. It’s up to each person to decide which one to use based on his or her specific conditions.
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