After acquiring a suburban plot of land, the new owners have to face important issues concerning its improvement. They have in their hands the opportunity to provide themselves with the proceeds of products grown with their own hands.
But in order for all the land to be used rationally, it is necessary to create areas of the plot in which to grow different crops. Not to mention the erection of various useful structures like baths, swimming pools, storerooms and other agricultural buildings.
If you approach this issue wisely, you can maximize the use of available land resources. Many are then surprised that on a small area of land you can fit and qualitatively use so many useful things for life. Now we will touch on the most important things and explain how to do it without much effort.
Many people think the process of zoning a site is very complicated. And they’re right, but you just have to do it, armed with knowledge, and everything is seen in a different light.
To begin with, it is advisable to engage in an engineering and construction project, taking into account everything you want to see on the site. It will help to realize how everything will look like and help visually organize the connections between the areas of the site, in passing, creating a special style for it.
Usually, designers form the entrance, garden, vegetable garden, living and household areas, not forgetting the recreation section. For everything to turn out at its best, it is worth highlighting the important aspects of such work:
- Awareness of the climatic zone in which the dacha plot is formed and all the nuances concerning its use on its basis:
- Take into account the peculiarities of the topography on which the project is formed. What is it a hill? – Or maybe a lowland? – Steppe, forest, is there access to water? By answering these questions, it’s easier to plan the important points of the work;
- What is the shape of the land section, its length, what can fit in here at all? And how is it best used?
- What buildings are already available on the site. Maybe they can be used or more profitable to demolish and build the necessary for your case.
It is desirable to have an idea about the type of soil on the site. If its density is insignificant – this can be a serious obstacle to the erection of various gazebos and similar structures.
But the ground can be strengthened by adding specially brought soil to the necessary places. This means that any problems can be solved with a sensible approach to them.
And now you can see photos of site zoning based on work from famous designers. They will help to cope with the difficult moments and achieve the desired result, taking into account the initially not favorable conditions.
We will be guided by climatic conditions
It is important to realize that the available options for zoning a land plot depend on this aspect. The available conditions will help, something to use and close access to some elements of design.
Designers explain that there are these design zones:
The Northwest option is characterized by a strong wind presence with heavy winters and too warm summers. Because of this, you will have to provide quality snow removal items, tall hedges, and pergolas on an indoor basis.
The western type is distinguished by moderate warmth but heavy rainfall in the form of rain and snow. It is advantageous to use open versions of verandas and fences with low height. Most often designers rely on the European style for such climates.
The southeastern version is characterized by summers with frequent droughts and devastating frosts in winters. Significant fences and enclosed attics will be required, verandas can also be used. It is necessary to take care of access to water on the basis of any part of the site.
The southern version will offer many windy days and short winters, but long and very hot summers. It will be necessary to protect the site from exposure to strong gusts of wind and direct rays of our star.
What are the planning principles?
Quality zoning of a summerhouse plot should take into account all that we touched on above and other important points. Now we will touch on them in more detail:
Rationality is worth considering in any case. It can be noticed if everything is clearly defined and understandable for what purposes this or that part of the land is used. Typically, 70% is set aside for the garden and vegetable garden, 20% for farm buildings and decorative elements included in the design basis of the site, 10% for the erection of residential buildings for permanent accommodation owners.
Ergonomics will help maintain proper spacing between structures. Creating the correct functional zoning of the site has to take into account that this aspect is of paramount importance for the entire project. It is desirable to reduce the distance between the various structures as much as possible – this will help protect the yard from regular penetration of strong winds.
But the vegetable and garden area should be placed about 3-6 meters from the living area. This will help keep them from jointly adversely affecting the vitality of both areas.
Important: Trees can be planted 3 meters away from the living area, raspberries 1, and gooseberries 1.5 or farther away. The root system of trees and other beneficial plants increases noticeably over the years and can seriously damage the house.
And, what about the rules of plant spacing?
Here, too, there are nuances. You have to take into account the sides of the world and then the layout of the site, taking into account their use will be properly designed.
Let’s explain, if the plot is located in the middle belt, then it is recommended to plant low plants in the form of shrubs, ornamental trees, vegetables, flowerbeds or berries in the immediate vicinity of various buildings. And tall trees should be placed in the back of the plot.
And, if we are talking about the hot climates of southern territories, then you should do the opposite. Tall trees closer to the house, and low ones farther away from it. This will help to qualitatively protect against the main destructive factors of different climatic zones. There will be conditions for humidity and protection from the effects of relentless heat.
A climate characterized by cool weather with regular precipitation suggests a garden at a distance from the house, and a vegetable garden and various flowerbeds right in his yard near the dwelling structure.
This approach will provide protection for the building from increased exposure to dampness and help the natural warming of the required area.
Consider some options for creating proper site areas
It’s just as important to create everything right. Examples of zoning will help to tell about it. Let’s highlight among them a few important options that are used more often than other versions of land improvement:
Taking into account the presence of the windward side. This aspect will have to be noted at the time of the creation of buildings. It is desirable to place them so that they protect the vegetable garden and the garden from the effects of strong wind. This will help to preserve the crops.
Specialists often plant shrubs, gooseberries, and raspberries along various fences to form a natural barrier to the wind.
Sanitary aspects. Various septic tanks, cesspools or toilets must be built at a distance of 12 meters or more from residential houses, and not less than 7 meters from places where animals like cows, pigs, bulls, chickens and others live. Do not dig a well next to a septic tank – this can lead to serious consequences.
We’ve looked at many ways of how to do zoning for the benefit of all the occupants of a particular area. They will help create quality zoning with important points in mind.
But it is advisable to go to experts to create proper zoning so that one does not have to worry about important points. It is not always possible for a person to remember everything and do the zoning design correctly. Sometimes mistakes can have undesirable consequences.
Photo of site zoning