In recent years, there has been an increasing number of fast-build structures. They are used not only for dachas, but also for permanent residence. Unlike houses built of bricks or blocks, these structures are lightweight and quick to erect.
It is important to comply with the technology of construction of frame houses, which was developed by Canadian and Scandinavian specialists. In the southern and central regions of the Russian Federation the Canadian technology is used, and in the northern regions it is better to use the Finnish technology.
It is the chosen technology that influences the choice of material needed to erect the floor pie and wall openings.
Anyone, even without any special skills, can build a frame house with their own hands. How to do it step by step, you can from our article.
Brief Article Content:
Preparing and marking the site for construction
Before the construction of frame houses begins, it is worth preparing the site on which it will be erected. First it is necessary to clean the territory from the bushes and trees growing on it, as well as to remove trash, stones, grass. If the plot is uneven, it is recommended to level it. To do this, the cutting of hills and sprinkling of soil in the pits is carried out.
Before construction work begins, it is necessary to decide on a frame house project. Next, the builder marks out the area for the foundation. To transfer the data from the developed project in nature, mark the external dimensions of the house. To do this, it is necessary to use wooden stakes, hammering them into the ground. They also help to mark the internal walls of the structure.
Care should be taken at this point to ensure that the corners are strictly aligned. These precautions are very important to the structure’s slenderness and integrity.
Usually frame houses have two floors, so massive foundation structures do not require. It is enough for such construction of a strip, columnar foundation assembled from concrete blocks.
The purpose of such a foundation is to ensure the stiffness of the frame in space. Therefore, reliable and strong reinforcement is laid inside the strip foundation, and the content of the column foundation is inconceivable without the use of a wooden or concrete grillage.
When erecting frame houses, structures made of wood or metal are used. It is worth knowing that the use of the latter brings certain difficulties, so it is better for non-professional builders to use wooden materials. Among other things, metal is much more expensive than wood, which affects the increase in costs when erecting a structure from the frame.
Oak framing is suitable for construction, but other species of trees are sometimes used as well. For beams, it is necessary to take high-quality wood, which has a section of 150×150 mm. Connect the corners should be tight, for this use the technique of tongue-and-groove.
Important. It is undesirable to use metal fasteners because wood rots when in contact with metal materials. Over time, such fasteners will weaken, which will cause the house to loosen.
Wooden dowels should be used to make the fastenings reliable and durable. These measures will help to operate the frame structures for a long time.
It is necessary to conduct bracing of the frame with struts, which will contribute to the rigidity of the structure. The technology of such structures involves the installation of 3 struts. They should be made of materials similar to the struts.
Next, the cladding of the house is carried out with boards or battens. It is recommended to nail the materials loosely, as during the first year of use they may swell and dry out.
Before laying the floor, you should lay a wooden bar, placing it along the walls and treated with antiseptic solutions. Place a roofing felt under the timber.
Fastening of the bar is done with anchor bolts, located 2-meter distance from each other. The corners must be aligned with particular care, so a spirit level is essential at this time.
The installation of joists is carried out, and then the floor is laid from cheap edged boards. It is mandatory to use insulators, placing them between the joists, and then conduct the installation of floor boards.
Erecting the walls
The construction of walls is carried out after the floor is made. Specialists advise to make them section by section. They are assembled on dry surfaces from timber, the length of which is equal in height to the future room.
Installation of interior partitions
Following the step-by-step instructions, the interior partition walls are installed. In the principle of assembly, they are not different from the installation of load-bearing walls, but with less thickness.
Installing window openings
Usually when determining with the design of a frame house it is necessary to choose where the window and door openings will be located. If you intend to live in the house all year round, it is better to use double-glazed windows.
Covering the roof.
One of the main parts of the structure is the roof. It is necessary to cover the structure only with quality materials. Now the construction market offers a large number of roofing materials, insulation and waterproofing materials that you can buy according to your financial capabilities.
A frame house is insulated depending on its future role. If you intend to live in it permanently, it should be insulated thoroughly. Thermal insulation materials are placed between the timber and then covered with boards.
The choice of insulation and finishing material is carried out depending on the climatic conditions in which the future owner lives.
For example, modern builders recommend using polystyrene foam for insulation because it can protect better against wind compared to wood or brick.
After the frame house is erected, finishing work is done with the installation of the necessary plumbing and the installation of various communications.
Advantages of designs
The solution to the problem of getting a living space that has comfort and economic benefits. So why choose such structures?
Such a question often arises among those who have decided to build them with their own hands. Experts say that these structures are different:
- economic cost;
- the possibility of using lightweight types of foundations;
- are quick to erect;
- the construction has low thermal conductivity, so you can heat the house using less;
- excellent soundproofing properties;
- it is possible to place communications in the walls, which positively affects the presentable appearance of the room;
- only environmentally friendly materials are used;
- finishing is carried out immediately after construction.
Frame houses have so many advantages, which leads to an increase in their use in recent years. If you decide to build a frame house, you can use photos and videos. If you don’t feel up to it, however, take the help of professionals.
Photo of frame houses