The whole construction of the house is important, it includes many parts that create integrity and perform their role. Now we will talk about the final stage of the construction of a personal home. The main role in it is given to the proper laying of the protective coating.
If it is done well, then the foundation along with the ground will receive sufficient protection, and this will allow the use of the living space for a long time. The backsplash forms a comfortable use of the dwelling by forming a protection against moisture, which without it could seep to the foundation and harm its stability.
Because of this, it is very important to know how to do the backsplash around the house correctly so that it will serve for many years. Its role is considered paramount because moisture can significantly erode the foundation, and lead to the destruction of any structure.
The importance of such a finish is increased in the case of a shallow foundation for a building. Water is able to do more damage to it, reaching the footings faster, but with a quality backsplash – this becomes impossible, and the house remains strong always.
If the footing gets wet for some reason, the structure will begin to sag noticeably. If you use a deep submerged foundation base, it will also need a barrier to water penetration. It should be installed in any case, regardless of the reliability of the foundation, type of soil and other related conditions.
Check out the reliable views through photos of backsplashes around the house made by professionals for various projects. They show many approaches to the paving process, suitable for architects, designers’ ideas with the style of the house chosen.
There is no clear framework for setting up a rockery – a picturesque mess approximating a natural mountain alpine landscape is possible, as are flat stony gravel paths of colored rubble or gravel, whimsically laid out.
Stones for a rockery will suit any that you find in your area – from large boulders-boulders, to medium-sized and, finally, fine fractional backfill.
Suitable granite, limestone, wild stone, very picturesque looks weathered stone.
You can entrust the creation of a rock garden on your plot to a landscape designer, and you can create your own hands on the basis of your tastes and preferences.
Watch video: Blinds of the house, doing it right
Brief content of the article:
Why add it to a home project?
It’s important to remember that the right backsplash will help keep the structure safe from serious problems during the owners’ operation. The first thing to do is to select the right material for your purposes of its laying. To make its properties, were most useful, you need to choose the correct width of the tiles that form its area.
Experts do not recommend limiting the space for it. If you get more, it is better than less space for its placement. Water will evaporate from its surface or can be absorbed into the ground at a distance from the foundation without damaging it.
Important: It is recommended that the building be covered with a backsplash at least 80 cm from any edge of the building. Otherwise, it may prove to be a useless occupation. And do not forget about the decorative possibilities of such a covering. It can be made part of the whole design.
It has another purpose as well, it is used as pathways for walkways along the house. It has rained and a lot of moisture will accumulate everywhere, and it will help to get to some corners of the dacha in comfort. This is a very important point because of it, it is recommended to take this part of the project seriously and make a backsplash on a smart basis of sufficient size.
If it is too narrow, then you will have to move sideways on it, which is not particularly pleasant fun for the occupants. Experts believe that it should reach a size of 1.2-1.5 meters in width. This will open all of its functionality and provide sufficient fence off the foundation from water intrusion.
What is its construction?
It is important to consider having a slope for it to direct the water away from the walls, not under them. Builders have calculated that the optimal slope is 50-100 mm for 1 meter of width. But moving along it will not be very comfortable, because of this you will have to make a choice – reliable protection or increased walkability.
Compromise size is 15-20 mm for 1 meter of its width. This way the water will drain away at a lower rate, but it is easy for anyone to walk on the pavement.
To make up your mind, it is important to be aware of all the nuances, and, to make, the right backsplash arrangement around the house for everyone in the family. This will help prevent the need to rebuild this most important item that forms the proper characteristics of the out-of-town dwelling.
And it is also worth adhering to the requirements developed for long term operation:
- The width should not be made less than the size of the protrusion at the roof, because the water will flow beyond it, and this will reduce its useful qualities to zero;
- It must not be interrupted and must be run all around the perimeter of the house;
What will it take to create it?
To go to a professional and see how they do it in a short period of time. Or do it yourself. In the second case, you will need to choose the right materials. There are different variations of its formation, but the concrete backsplash is recognized as the easiest and highest quality of all popular types. It is not difficult to design it for any area.
First, the area on which the necessary surface will be laid is cleared. Then rebar is used, its rods are laid according to the principle of a grid. They should have a diameter of at least 6 mm, in order to provide the necessary functionality. They are easy to connect with a sufficiently voluminous knitting wire.
The time has come to install the formwork in the form of, extended wooden boards. All you can do is pour the formwork with a suitable type of concrete.
A number of tools and materials will have to be used to perform this process correctly:
- A shovel is needed for digging holes for the main work;
- A hydraulic level will help establish a uniform paving angle throughout the house;
- The wheelbarrow will provide simplified waste removal and delivery of the required amount of crushed stone;
- A hand tamping machine will be needed to level uneven areas;
- Waterproofing will ensure that the structure is secure;
- Insulation will ensure the durability of the backsplash;
- Rubble will reinforce it and make it monolithic;
- The clay will bind all its parts into one whole;
- Reinforced mesh based on 10 x 10 meshes can replace rebar bars.
Basic work based on the use of concrete
Consists of the formation of its two layers – for bedding and covering. Now let’s explain how to pour a blind area without complications with your own hands, taking into account all construction principles.
The underlying or initial layer will help to form an even surface for the covering level, called the finishing stage. For the first level, sand, crushed stone and clay are used. And the most important concrete coating will be on top.
It is through this composition that a powerful barrier against water is provided. It is known that it is capable of penetrating quite deeply, but in this case it would have to run off and make another way away from the foundation.
But before this part, you have to remove the soil to a depth of about 20-30 cm all around the perimeter around the house. Then we start compacting the foundation so that it is ready for another job. If plant roots are found they can be left alone and not removed.
But, to prevent their growth, it is advisable to treat all shoots with herbicides. If they do grow, then they are sure to damage the backsplash.
We form a removable version of the formwork with wooden boards. Form a layer of clay, and then cover it with sand for about 10 cm. The sand should be compacted with the help of tamping. Then it is lightly watered with water. It is time for crushed stone, it is placed at 6-8 cm in the excavated base.
To strengthen the structure, a reinforced mesh or bars of rebar are used. Now creates an expansion joint between the plinth and the main part of the backsplash. For this purpose, a mixture of sand and gravel, roofing felt, sealant, foam version of the harness is good.
It’s time for the main material to be poured. Now the concrete backsplash is not yet ready, but it is already taking its final shape. Before the main mortar is poured, timber laths must be installed after every 2 or 3 meters. They are treated with a coating against rotting before installation.
It is important to make sure they are placed at the correct slope. They will help create the right shape. Then it comes down to the concrete. You need to use a quality type like M 250 or M 300, suitable for various road works.
To make the pavement stronger it is allowed to use the method of ironing with a dry or wet approach. It consists of adding another shallow layer of 2-3 mm on top of the drying concrete.
The first consists of dry concrete, which must be gently pressed into the main layer by tapping.
The wet version includes a mortar of ceresite, liquid glass, sifted cement and water. Within 7-10 days the resulting mass will harden. Now the product can be used.
We see that the whole process is quite simple, but it takes a lot of time. And it’s also important to think about enough money to complete it. The final cost of the work of pouring the backsplash can be impressive, but this will depend on its size and quality.
Naturally, it can be reduced, and use a simplified version of the installation, which will help to save money, but will affect the quality and durability.
A picture of the backsplash around the house
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