Many owners of private country houses are faced with one very difficult problem, this is the drainage ditch at the entrance to their plot and how to make the entrance to the plot through the ditch. Typically, most private home owners would solve this problem very primitively, it is just to fill a small part of the ditch with sand or gravel, but this is not a solution in this situation. Hence the reasonable question of how to find the best solution in this case.
It should be taken into account that the entrance to its territory should be reliable, and meet all the requirements. However, no less important importance should be given to the strength and reliability of the site itself, which must withstand heavy loads from the weight of the car, as well as be a normal drainage for waste water, it is very important.
Therefore, the solution to this issue can be found in this article, which also has a variety of and colorful photos of the entrance to the site.
Brief content of the article:
Installing a narrow-width driveway
This method of solving this problem of the entrance to the dacha plot is considered quite simple, but the cost of the material to perform such a task will be very high. Therefore, this option will not be suitable for barriers of large dimensions, especially if it concerns barriers with wide openings.
Watch video: Ennobling the entrance to the site
In such a case, it is necessary to use concrete slabs of large dimensions, and the cost of the slab depends on its size. And these can be very significant figures.
So, how do you design the entrance to the site? At the initial stage, it is necessary to determine what kind of soil is on the outer sections of the canal, as they need to be strengthened as necessary. If this is not done, from the weight of the car and the plate itself, it can sag or just collapse.
Next, it is necessary to build additional reinforcement. Near the concrete supports, it is necessary to make a formwork, which should be reinforced with a double structure, and then the concrete can be poured into the formwork. And the resulting free space between the supports and the walls is recommended to cover with sand or clay.
If the material intended for the channel has a large width and thickness, in this case it is recommended to dig the ground along the thickness of the slab.
At the final stage, the prepared site is well leveled, as well as thoroughly tamped. In this case, the layer of sand should not be more than 7 cm, similarly, a layer of gravel. The laying of the slab is carried out with a special construction machinery.
It should be noted that to make the entrance to the site through the ditch without resorting to the services of special equipment, and even on their own is practically not realistic.
Next, with the help of technology is necessary to lay the slab on a prepared platform, with the important importance of the ratio of the height of the slab to the ground. So if the soil is quite a lot of it should be removed, but if it is not enough, it will have to pour it.
Mounting a wide platform with borders
This method of installing a driveway on your property through a ditch is not expensive, but the process of doing it is very time-consuming and labor-intensive. Its greatest difficulty is due to the fact that sewage can flow through the ditch.
So, if there is water in the excavated pit, it should be pumped out immediately. However, many people do not do so and in vain. The fact is that if you mount the formwork in the water, where then the concrete will be poured, it will affect the quality of construction. In this case, there is a possibility that very quickly the structure can simply collapse.
Next, it is necessary to install dividers at a small distance from each other. Slate, wood or other building materials can be used as partitions. Then you can start pumping out the water in each individual area.
After that, in the prepared channel over the entire surface, pour a small layer of sand, and then a copious layer of gravel and it is recommended to tamp it all well with a vibratory plate.
A special pipe for water drainage can be laid in the prepared channel, and it must be fixed in one position, using an ordinary brick. Then, on both sides at the edge of the pipe it is necessary to mount a formwork, having a height slightly greater than the walls of the channel.
The formwork must have a structure of reinforcement, and only then can concrete mortar be poured into the prepared formwork. After pouring the concrete, it is necessary to wait until the structure dries completely.
Then it is necessary to cover the pipe with gravel in several layers, with each subsequent layer of gravel should have a fraction smaller and smaller, do not forget that each layer of gravel should be well tamped.
A thin layer of granite crumbs can be poured on the pre-prepared site and tamped again, and at the end it is necessary to cover it with a light layer of sand. And at the end of the finished site, you can put small stones or broken bricks in a height of no more than 5 cm, and then on this surface is laid a special grid connected with reinforcement bars.
Around the edges and all around the perimeter are mounted small road edges. And only after that the site can be poured with concrete mortar, not more than 7-8 cm in height.
To calculate the material in advance, you need to make measurements of the height and width of the channel. If necessary, you can make the ditch deeper, but it should be taken into account that the deepening should be made smoothly and with a slight angle. This is necessary for a good flow of water, if this is not respected, the water will not flow and will stand in one place.
Therefore, making a good driveway on your property is not as easy as it may seem at first glance. When doing this work, you may encounter various difficulties that require some effort.
It should be understood that you need to adhere to a clear plan of action, otherwise the end result will be very bad, if you are not confident in your abilities, in this case you need to turn to specialists with special equipment for such work. Therefore, independently make the entrance to the site with your own hands is practically not realistic.
If you have any difficulties or doubts you can order the entry to the site on a turnkey basis and you will save a lot of your time and effort. However, in this case, it will require some financial costs, but these costs are worth it. In this case, the masters will fulfill all your requirements and wishes.
Photo of the entrance to the site