Owners of water tanks, pondering how to perform a pond cleaning without the help of professionals, think about replacing the water completely. Regular water changes are not a good idea, so you should keep your pond clean by regularly cleaning it of leaves, algae, and other debris. This way you will make the pond neat and clean for a long time.
Cleaning a lake, done at intervals, is the most important of the actions of a competent landscape. Constant attention needs to be paid to low-flow and non-flow bodies of water. Anything that can get into these springs will stay there, changing the water composition and appearance of your lake.
Also, small lakes tend to get silted up and overgrown with various plants, which can gradually turn a body of water into a swamp.
Types of pollution
Pond contaminants are divided into mechanical, chemical, and biological.
Mechanical fouling is the accumulation of objects in a pond that are not naturally occurring in that environment. This category usually includes household garbage.
Chemicals are mostly soluble in water, getting there as a liquid or as a solid.
Biological pollution is not unambiguous. Pollution is a large accumulation of microorganisms in the lake. Biological can also include numerous occurrences of a variety of bacteria in the lake.
In the photos in the article we can observe a body of water polluted with mechanical debris.
Methods of getting rid of debris in a pond
Pond cleaning methods include five methods.
Mechanical method of cleaning
Cleaning the bottom of large bodies of water is carried out with a special dredger. The dredger can collect silt sediments from the bottom of the reservoir, thanks to a powerful soil pump. Under pressure, the sludge is pumped at the same time as water through a system of pipelines to specialized sludge cards.
These maps are created before the ponds are cleaned, an area that is enclosed by a berm on each side. Its scale should directly depend on the amount of sediment that is going to be extracted.
Long before the start of the work, the subject of the soil at the bottom is studied, remove large debris, metal objects, to avoid equipment breakage. After that they create a project, according to which the next works will be carried out, taking into account the smallest details.
The necessary materials and equipment are delivered to the site of the work. Install a system of pipelines, which leads to the map from the reservoir. After all the above-mentioned manipulations, cleaning can begin.
The basis of the method are microorganisms, which, being in special containers carry out cleaning of ponds and other water bodies. In small water bodies, special preparations are used, the basis of which are the capabilities of various bacteria.
Also, a powder can be sprayed on the water or a special solution can be added. The introduction of such substances increases the level of water transparency by several times, due to the accelerated decomposition of rotting algae, the decomposition of dead inhabitants of the reservoir.
Using such preparations to prevent a variety of pollutants, it is possible to completely stop the processes of natural substances’ overgrowth in the reservoir, the same applies to the formation of silt.
Chemical cleaning of water bodies
The basis of the method is the addition of special reagents, various in their composition, to the reservoir. They help to keep the acidity of water at the required level for the hosts and also take part in the decomposition of the rotting algae.
Chemical cleaning is a very effective way, however, it is worth understanding that in such a case it is necessary to strictly observe the dosage. The high doses are detrimental to the health of the inhabitants of the reservoir, as well as to the man himself.
Planting beneficial plants in the pond will help you avoid the use of chemicals, they oxygenate the water, are called “Plants – oxygenators”. Such a plant is a marsh plant.
Special minerals zeolites are also used here. They are placed in a specialized net and then put into the water reservoir. These minerals, in turn, rid the water of excess ammonium and phosphorus, after which the water reaches the desired chemical balance.
Cleaning water from viruses, microalgae and bacteria is only possible with this method. The basis of this method will be the effect of ultraviolet radiation on harmful organisms, stopping their reproduction and growth.
If the pond is large, two or three ultraviolet purifiers are installed. Inside the ultraviolet cleaner a lamp is placed, which is completely isolated from the algae.
This type of cleaning is very useful for swimming pools because it reduces chlorine levels by twenty percent.
Basic signs of a polluted body of water
- The water changes color and becomes less clear. The water loses transparency, usually due to excessive amounts of sand or clay that have entered the water. The color may change due to the reproduction of various microorganisms in the water body.
- Unpleasant odor. The pond begins to smell unpleasant, this is due to the reproduction of fungi and bacteria.
- A variety of plants grow abundantly in the pond.
These signs should be a signal that it’s time to clean the pond. Otherwise, the neat little pond will gradually turn into a green swamp.
Changing the water completely
If repeated attempts to clean the pond do not produce the desired results, the pond needs a complete water change. All inhabitants must be moved to a safe place for this purpose, then the water must be drained and a complete internal cleaning of the pond must be started.
Water transparency can be determined by the folk method, take a snow-white plate and lower it to a depth of about 10 centimeters, if the plate is not visible, then the water must be changed urgently.
Cleaning the silt at the bottom of the reservoir are almost the main problem in this type of cleaning, it is imperative to prepare a specially designated place where you will collect the silt sediments. Everyone knows that this place will no longer be fertile for other plants, because of the special composition of the silt.
Regular extra care.
To avoid rapid fouling, and subsequently the cost of a complete cleanup, it pays to keep the appearance of the pond in a neat condition on a regular basis.
It is advisable to purchase a telescopic pond net and clean the water surface daily of debris, leaves, and other objects that have accidentally entered the pond. This will noticeably improve the appearance of the pond and significantly slow down its pollution.
In autumn, as soon as the leaves begin to fall, you can stretch a special net over the pond, which is one to two centimeters thick. Its function is to protect the pond from dry leaves and branches getting into it.
Photo tips for cleaning ponds
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