Landscape design of the yard of a country house or dacha is a very important component in creating an overall cozy and harmonious atmosphere. Before starting any work on the arrangement of your country site, you should develop a plan that will delineate all the zones and buildings with plantings and decorative elements.
Another important detail of landscaping – the budget. It also needs to be calculated so that there is enough money for everything planned.
Creating an attractive and well-groomed appearance of the site combined with the comfort and functionality of the existing structures on it is the main goal of landscape art.
In order to design the site to be truly comfortable and practical at the same time, you should make a detailed plan. It can be drawn on an ordinary piece of paper. However, if there are some skills with special graphic programs, it is better to do it there, because in the image all the buildings and details will be three-dimensional. With this view, it will be possible to really assess the future appearance of your creation.
If the garden area is completely empty, you need to think about all the little things that will be placed on the plan: entrance, paths, house and outbuildings, communications networks, all the details of the landscape design.
If the site already has any buildings, the project is applied to landscape design already existing elements, with the approximate distance between them. It is such a plan will be further refined.
Summary content of the article:
Basic rules for landscaping
Regardless of the size of the site, it is better to refuse to erect large-scale massive buildings that can clutter up the entire territory. It is advisable to hide the buildings behind bushes and hedges, to place them on the territory scattered, alternating with flowerbeds, barbecue areas, gazebo and decor-compositions.
It is worth abandoning the construction of blank closed fences. Such structures in a small area will introduce a sense of enclosure. In the design of the garden blind fences visually make the area smaller.
In addition to aesthetics, such structures instantly change the microclimate by disrupting the direct circulation of air currents.
An excellent alternative would be a fence in the form of chain-link fence, along which are planted climbing plants. Or a pinned low fence.
In garden design, it is better to refuse to plant trees that grow large in height and have a lush crown. Because of the extensive root system and the resulting shade, they will prevent the realization of many design ideas. It is better to choose low-growing fruit seedlings, which will be planted in a compact group.
Styles for landscaping
Landscape design styles include two types of design:
Regular style – here there is always the main axis of the composition, in relation to it symmetrically and will be placed plantings. This style is more suitable for large areas.
Paths are laid out straight, observing strict geometric shapes in the form of squares, triangles, etc., the choice of which depends on the shape of the plot. For narrow and elongated allotments the rectangular form is suitable, and for the territory with approximately equal sides squares are appropriate.
Natural (landscape) style – here reigns complete freedom in the choice of places for placing plantings and decor elements. It is better not to use direct paths here.
The area is beaten mini-relief areas in several places. For example, a small pond with a bridge, an alpine hill, etc. Create a volume without participation in earthworks, you can arrange a flower bed, which will grow seedlings of different heights, shapes and colors.
Basic elements of landscaping
Various kinds of ponds and water structures are very popular among both customers and designers. The main thing in choosing the configuration of the future pond to decide whether it will be only an aesthetic detail or will carry a practical solution.
If there is a task of practical use of the décor pond, then on this role will suit a small lake, the water of which can also be taken for irrigation.
In addition to the appearance is also important to worry about the materials for the construction and special equipment for the maintenance of the pond, the purchase of plants and animals.
Artificial water compositions for the garden can be represented by fountains, water mills, rivulets or streams, waterfalls.
To grow a noteworthy flower garden, which will become a real decoration in the design of the garden, will have to spend a lot of effort, time and money. There are several options for the design of floral arrangements: the traditional type of alpine hill, mixed type or modern. It all depends on the overall stylistics.
In order that the flower bed could enjoy endless colors all year round, it is worth planting there plants with alternating periods of flowering. It is also important to consider the height of the plants, to arrange them so that some do not overshadow and do not interfere with the growth of other seedlings.
Walkways are not only given a practical function, they also perform the role of aesthetic component. On the lined paths to approach any area on the territory will be easy. Straight lines in the design to play with much harder, so it is better to make wavy passages, which is possible to beat in different ways.
Buildings on the property
Structures placed on the plot allow you to comfortably and conveniently organize your pastime. Landscaping of the house should be practical rather than decorative in the first place. More often than not, buildings are erected on the homestead areas:
- Gazebo of different types (open for the summer season, closed for cooler weather and for the purpose of shelter from bad weather);
- A stove with a small open kitchen area;
- outbuildings (barn);
- Children’s play complexes, etc.
The principles of landscape garden design involves the design of all buildings and decorative compositions in a single style concept. Different in style structures will look disorganized.
Here it is important to understand that a fence running between neighboring plots does not refer to fencing structures. Fences in the concept of landscape art are structures used to delimit the functional zones within a garden.
The photo landscape design shows that if there is an area with a vegetable garden, a garden, a playground for recreation and children’s entertainment, it is advisable to use decor fences between them. They can be made of absolutely any suitable material. It is important that they seamlessly blend into the overall design concept.
There are countless ideas for practical landscape design, and in each concept a special role is given to the decorative component.
All elements here are meant to decorate the atmosphere, create a sense of coziness, accentuate and surprise.
The proverbial gnomes and mushrooms are already receding into the background. Such elements are considered original and modern:
- lighting compositions;
- Sculptural and architectural structures, etc.
The main principle of the choice of decor-details – they should not contradict the chosen stylistic concept of landscape design.
Landscape design photos
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