130 photos of the main species and their modern features




Who among us has not wanted to create something truly unique in his life? Such a chance is presented to people quite often, but, as a rule, someone just does not notice, and someone out of ignorance misses it. This chance is the development of unique styles for your own garden plot.

So why even now, when landscape design is no longer the exclusive prerogative of professional designers, no way to become at least on the same stage with the masters of the past, to imitate the great gardeners who created the royal and imperial gardens without special equipment, a team of workers and 3D-programs?

You will find the answer to this and many other questions in our article. We will tell you how not to make a mistake when designing your own world, and how to find that unique style, which people have been striving for centuries.

Your garden is not just a bunch of flowerbeds and plantings, it’s your own reflection, and therefore should definitely have a “face”. Remember how Chekhov’s Cherry Orchard became not just a grove, but the main character of his work? And it was it that embodied the inner harmony and tranquility of the bygone past, which was so lacking in the characters of the comedy.

Here, too, you have to create your own cozy world where you can enjoy peace and abstract yourself from any worries, vanity, and problems.

Brief Article Content:

Basic mistakes made when choosing a landscape

Have you ever wondered why a site with ponds and ditches, multifarious paths, streams, fountains, alpine slides and even floor vases looks completely absurd, while an almost empty green space with a strange “ikebana” in the middle invariably attracts the eye?

So, this part of the article is about the main mistakes people make when creating the style of their garden plot.

The most important mistake of any designer, even the first one to try himself in such an unusual line of work, is the lack of a specific idea. No, no one can say in advance exactly what his garden should be, but it is still worth at least approximately familiar with the wide range of possible solutions before you place an alpine hill in front of a weeping willow, under which the children’s pool is already located.

Do not use too bulky elements in the design – it will create a feeling of constraint and limited space.

Do not try to use for garden design at once all the styles that appeal to you. Mixing them is acceptable, but only in certain proportions and subject to a clear zoning (so, the dining area can be done in the regular style, and the area for rest and relaxation – in the landscape, as if making you even closer to the pristine natural beauty).

It is strongly discouraged to “combine the incongruous” when you are working with nature. It ruins the composition rather than makes it unique, because it is not for nothing that the layout of the area is so closely related to drawing and mathematics.

If you create a children’s area, take care in advance about its isolation from the rest of the garden. Often a children’s table in the middle of a cypress alley or near a graceful Victorian gazebo looks extremely comical.

Determinants of style choices

Creating a stylish site design is not as easy as it seems. Even if you think the design is perfect, it’s worth taking into account some circumstances beyond your control that will cause the resulting garden to fall short of your expectations. Let’s mention the basic steps for choosing a particular style: not only will this save you from having to “rearrange” plans on the fly, but it will also significantly reduce the number of possible options.

Determine what basic elements you want to use. You don’t have to bind yourself to a certain style, but remember that light and transparent Japanese motifs are inappropriate in combination with the majestic classics, their wide paths and perfect geometric shapes.

Evaluate the topography of the site: for some styles will be suitable exclusively flat terrain, while the obligatory element of others are small hills or even huge boulders.

Consider whether you have the time and opportunity to care for the garden properly, to keep it in pristine condition. For example, an “idealized” classic requires constant attention, while a landscape style garden (that is, one close to the look of natural landscapes) can quietly thrive without your help for quite some time.

Decide on the zoning of the garden plot, its location in relation to the house, fence or vegetable garden: all these areas must be in harmony with each other. For example, it is better to separate the vegetable garden from the recreation area with a hedge, and the mansion, made in the colonial style, requires an appropriate view of the garden in the backyard.

Don’t forget to design the plot in advance on paper or with the help of special computer programs. If you are going to do a garden in a mixed style, we recommend that you first compile a collage on the computer (you can find many photos of plots of various styles on the Internet, so it will not be difficult to find the right material).

The basic range of styles

Before creating your own garden, you will have to get acquainted with many different styles, which have their own characteristics and traditionally accepted elements.

Remember that any style you choose for the landscaping of the garden plot should first of all reflect your worldview and perception of the world, a unique understanding of the natural, but man-made beauty.

And in order for your garden to capture the imagination of both the common man and a seasoned designer, it is worth knowing the main directions characteristic of the garden art.

Regular style – a style of ideals

It is characterized by regular geometric shapes, overly pedantic cut bushes, perpendicular high walls and hedges, and wide straight paths.

The main attribute is a circular pond or flowerbed, which is usually located in the very center of the plot. It is from the center that all the paths diverge – this style implies a centralized composition.

This style is also called classical, and therefore antiquity becomes its prototype. Sculptures and round balls, vases, classical columns, wrought iron gates, high arches and large stone benches. The color scheme usually implies the predominance of gentle, unobtrusive, pastel shades: blue, sand, gray, beige.

This style is suitable for wealthy people who have a country house with wide flat spaces under it. Gardens in the old days were liked to be supplemented by small labyrinths, dim lanterns and canopies – it was there that receptions, dinners and dances were held, intrigues were woven and fortunes collapsed. Even today, the classics speak of refined taste and adherence to tradition.

Landscape (English) style

The landscape (English) style of the country garden is radically different from the regular style. On the contrary, it expresses the desire for pristine natural beauty: soft and smooth lines, winding paths and hills, uneven topography, pergolas lost in the depths of gardens, overgrown with age-old ivy – all this reflects the natural power that conquered the garden.

The motto of the English style is naturalness. No purposely created forms, no abrupt transitions and neat flowerbeds. The garden should blend in with its surroundings, and the house and other buildings should be lost in its background.

All shades of green, dirty yellow, brown – any unobtrusive colors that can be borrowed from nature.

This style was characteristic of Russian noble estates. It provides privacy for the host and guests, relaxes the mind and allows you to achieve inner harmony, spending time alone with your thoughts and experiences.

A “landscape” is suitable for people whose plot is on a forest edge or somewhere close to the forest, or if there are tall conifers growing in the garden and most of the space is shaded. It is within these large groups that some of the most interesting designs are worth highlighting:

French Garden.

A French garden is one of the garden options that can be arranged even in the backyard of a small house. It does not involve a vegetable garden or flower piles, most often it is an empty lawn with a seating area somewhere in the back of the area and a path that leads to the house that does not stand out in the background.

Plants are mostly low, mostly deciduous. Bright flowers are simply not accepted here.

Rustic country style.

Rustic country style is a solution perfect for any gardener. Unpretentiousness, piling of tools and sometimes quite ridiculous accessories, deliberate carelessness and, of course, a vegetable garden instead of a seating area, because we are dealing with the imitation of a rustic tradition.

Umbrellas on trees, pots and horns on fences, painted chairs and lots of bright plants scattered chaotically here and there, the absence of smooth paths and lawns – all for the benefit of naturalness. Plantings of fruit plants, ornamental trees or climbing roses in small quantities are welcome.


Plots in the style of Provence as if created for very small houses, whose owners decided to cut off a very small recreation area. Usually in a relatively small space is preferably as uncomplicated as possible furniture, which should look light, natural and even airy (small round tables and chairs and wrought iron backs).

Wooden benches look great in combination with narrow winding paths going somewhere in the distance. Pot plants and potted flowers, as well as flowers with an unobtrusive smell, a delicate range of colors and many inflorescences on a single stem are a characteristic element of this style.

The house matches the overall atmosphere of the site: pastel shades, wooden shutters and rocking chairs on the porch.

Japanese Garden.

A Japanese garden is, without a doubt, not just a plot, but a true work of art. Each element is aligned, each unit is given a special place in the philosophical interpretation of the significance of a place created specifically for relaxation.

Its integral part is water in any form: bowls. Fountains, waterfalls or streams. Stones are another attribute: from small, ostensibly randomly found on the site, to huge boulders. The composition is asymmetrical, complemented by moss, staggered paths and hilly crowns of plants.

The warm color scheme, bright plants, lots of colors give away the Mediterranean style. Light wicker tables chairs, planters and chairs, flower pots on the veranda of the house are appropriate here.

Small ravines and artificially created meadows are all reminiscent of sunny Italy. The addition of handmade decorations is also appropriate: wooden toys, antique furniture, or accessories suspended from the trees.

Alpine style.

The Alpine style is an imitation of the aesthetics of mountain landscapes. It is characterized by minimalism in all its manifestations, regular geometric shapes of beds. Cold colors and shades are familiar.

More often small ornamental trees are planted instead of flowers. This is ideal for people whose property is located on a mountainside or hill.

Art Nouveau

Art Nouveau is an elegant, modern style. The attention here is turned not to plants, flowerbeds and ponds, but to small architectural forms. An important element of such a site is the need to repeat the same pattern (in paths, flowerbeds, sculptures or house design).

Another important component is the need for a special harmony of the landscape with your home, so the house in the Art Nouveau style will be a great solution and a great addition to such a garden.


Eco-design is a design that involves minimal intrusion into natural processes and minimalism in execution, so most often it is not too neatly trimmed lawn with plantings in the form of small bushes or plants growing in the wild, unpretentious in care.

Another interesting solution can be a variety of themed styles – here it all depends solely on your imagination. Choose a country whose culture and atmosphere you particularly liked, and try to imitate them in your projects. Feel free to experiment!

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