Many residents of large noisy metropolises dream of buying their own small country plot, where it would be possible to grow their own vegetables and fruits, enjoy the beautiful view of flowers and just relax in the fresh air.
After gaining precious meters of outdoor space, everyone starts arranging the area by thinking through the landscape design of a small plot.
Before building an area, it is necessary to properly plan the entire space. Planning a small plot begins with the allocation of the necessary functional zones and areas in the form of house and garage building, outbuildings, bath house, playground for children, recreation area, gardening inclusions.
It is not necessary to erect all possible objects on your plot at once. Everyone chooses for himself a set of necessary for a comfortable existence constructions.
When dividing the area into zones, about 75% of the total area should be allocated to the garden and vegetable plantings, about 10% to the buildings. The remaining 15% of the area can occupy decorative plantings of flowers and recreation area. It is in this ratio of design a small garden will look organic and functional.
Rules when planning.
When planning a small plot of land, there are three rules to follow:
It is not necessary to build up a small area with massive objects. In order to make the buildings seem light and compact, you need to skillfully hide them behind the planting of shrubs or hedges. It is necessary to distribute them harmoniously throughout the area to avoid the effect of “mass building”.
This arrangement is convenient for several reasons:
- One foundation allows you to save valuable meters of land;
- small distance to the exit gate;
- In inclement weather, it’s much easier and cleaner to get from the garage to the living room.
The modern design of a small plot is not without the inclusion of outbuildings. It is recommended to place them in the back of the territory, better on the north or northwest side. Such placement will not create shade for plants, but from the cold wind will help save you.
Landscaping and design techniques
In order to make an ordinary plot of land a beautiful garden, drowning in the bright colors of ornamental plants and flowers, complemented by a well-groomed vegetable garden, you need to properly plan the plot, using the techniques of landscape design.
It is best to use flower beds to decorate the area in front of the house and on either side of the entrance. The compositions of flowers placed in pots and tubs, which are placed around the area, look original. Excellent decoration will be a “flower stream”.
To expand the area of a narrow plot, you should resort to vertical landscaping. Wall canvases of climbing plants that weave over the arbor lattice will widen the boundaries.
On a small area, you should not plant many shrubs. Give preference only to those species that will “please the eye” throughout the summer: jasmine bushes, rose hips, etc. And seedlings in the form of curly ivy, honeysuckle, caprifolia will be a wonderful hedge.
It is best to plant trees on a small plot of land along the perimeter, selecting dwarf and low-growing varieties.
Photos of the design of a small plot clearly show that the design of beds with crops should be approached creatively. It is not necessary to give a large amount of usable area for vegetable beds. Properly planted leaf lettuces and parsley or beet greens will be a wonderful decoration of the plot.
Decorating beds, it is worth taking care of decorative fences. They can be built from improvised material: stones, profiled sheet, plastic bottles, etc. Such borders will look decorative, but they also have a practical function – they protect plants from trampling.
If the bed is slightly raised above the level of the general cover, the soil on it will warm up better.
A modern design technique of beds – planting vegetables and greens together with flowers. Such compositions look charming, the main thing is to arrange the seedlings correctly by height and flowering period.
For example, onion feathers will be gone from the bed in August, and instead of them the marigolds, marigolds, etc. will stay in a row. Such a neighbourhood will be beneficial for cultivated plants, because many companion flowers repel harmful insects.
Very creative look beds in barrels, and as a barrel can be used any large containers. The advantage is the possibility of transferring such beds to different places.
Paths as a visual border extension technique
No landscape design project can do without paths. This is easily explained by the fact that they are pleasant to move on them in bad weather, they also serve as a means of visually increasing the area of the plot.
The most common materials for walkways are:
- Stone elements – look rich and fundamental. Instead of expensive natural stone, you can use the remnants of facing bricks, mosaic;
- Wooden boards or saw cuts from firewood – by laying out a path from such elements, you will get a wooden path. However, be sure to treat each piece with products against rot and damp;
- Graveled path will decorate a small pond;
- using a silicone mold, it is possible to cast a path in concrete, planting the distance between the elements with lawn grass.
A beautifully decorated plot of land will not only please its owners, but will be an object of admiration by neighbors and friends.
Photo of the design of a small plot
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