The area around the dacha or private home should a priori be well-groomed, beautiful and landscaped. The organization of comfortable recreation areas, front gardens and flower beds, paving stone paths, artificial ponds, fountains – all this includes dacha landscape design.
Of course, you can ask for help from professional designers and decorators, but it is much easier, more economical and interesting to think through the design of your garden plot yourself.
Brief content of the article:
The challenges of modern design
Regardless of the size of the site, designers try to achieve harmony between civilization and nature, using every opportunity to create a unique atmosphere.Often the main reference point is the inner world of the owner, his hobbies, interests and tastes.
It is not unimportant to consider modern trends as well. This season, among such principles is the desire to preserve the most natural and pristine environment, which is reflected in the alpine slides and combining floral arrangements with glass, stone and metal.
The fashionable design of the dacha plot does not do without eclecticism – the mixing of different style directions in one area. However, in this case, you can’t do without professionalism and impeccable taste.
In general, the design of the dacha plot with their own hands includes the sequential performance of the following steps:
- Step 1 – Study existing styles;
- Step 2 – Choosing the right layout;
- Step 3 – Zoning the space;
- Step 4 – Thinking through the composition of each section;
- Step 5 – Lighting.
Over hundreds of years, the art of landscape design for the cottage area has developed and defined several basic idea trends, one of which in most cases is chosen as the basic and defining trend for the setting as a whole.
Thus, the following styles can be distinguished:
Classic is geometrically correct French parks, where all elements and details are strictly calculated in certain proportions and dimensions. The classical style implies the elevation of man above his surroundings, the subjugation and ordering of nature for the benefit of civilization and aesthetics.
The landscape current is ideologically opposed to the classical style, as it glorifies nature in its pristine and unspoiled state. Designers of this trend strive to give the environment freedom, skillfully and accurately using the natural beauty.
The rustic or “country” style represents all the offshoots of home decorating territory by inexperienced but enthusiastic beauties of the owners. The main principle is arbitrariness and freedom of action, which gives people the opportunity to make any fantasy a reality.
The emphasis on impressive scale structures are the ideas of architectural design of the dacha plot. It is characterized by an abundance of all kinds of bridges, columns, arches, terraces, platforms, pergolas.
Japanese style is full of symbolism, meaning and under the power of real artists and craftsmen. Here, rock sculptures, boulder complexes, modestly sized ponds and more come to the fore, allowing for a profound immersion in contemplation of natural beauty.
Only after deciding on the overriding style can you begin planning a landscape project. There are several standards for layout: rectangular, circular, diagonal, and free standing.
The most optimal and universal – the location of the site in the form of a rectangle, which is convenient to divide into zones, to allocate sections. From the rectangular often flows round, when the right angles are rounded by flower beds, bushes or other natural and artificial structures.
Diagonal layout is more suitable for the design of a cottage plot within 6-10 acres or less, as this solution allows to visually expand the space.
Free style is the choice for large spaces, because here it is necessary to play with areas, create accents and certain zones.
Highlighting zones and sections
The allocation of certain functional zones will help to competently organize the space, especially if it is limited. Such a division, among other things, will make the site comfortable and visually expand its boundaries.
The number and size of each section depends on the available area and the owner’s preferences. Thus, it is possible to allocate a garden, recreation area, household area, “dining room”, children’s and sports area.
In this case, individual islands should be united by a common idea, and transitional boundary elements act as flowerbeds, fences, arches, decorative structures.
Don’t forget the details.
Achieve a perfect and completely finished design on a summer house plot can only be achieved by taking into account each element of the overall composition. Thus, a soft and level lawn is considered indispensable, which not only decorates the space, fills the decorative gaps, but also performs purely practical functions: a beneficial effect on the soil, cleans the air, muffles the street sounds.
The garden path acts as the “spine” of the site, as it links different areas and provides access to them. There are many options for paths, from standard trampled paths to those laid with individual smooth stones, asphalt, or special paving stones.
No photo of the design of a summerhouse plot is without lush and eye-catching gardens. Often it is the flower beds or compositions of shrubs and trees that become the accents of the entire setting.
Personal tastes, appearance, compatibility, and survivability are the main criteria for selecting suitable plants. In addition to standard flowerbeds, other forms of arrangement can be used:
- Group planting;
- Pruning plants;
- Parterre flower bed;
- Mobile flowerbeds;
Ponds also act as an interesting decoration of the space. However, it is worth bearing in mind that such decor (pool, pond, stream, fountain) requires constant care. An excellent alternative can be an alpine hill, which is difficult to create, but completely unpretentious in care.
Illuminating the area
Having a lighting system on your property is both practical and aesthetically pleasing, especially if you plan on sitting outdoors for extended periods of time during the hours of darkness.
That said, there are many options for placing light sources: basic spotlights, classic fixtures along paths, accent markings, and decorative lighting of significant objects and plants.
Turnkey landscape design always involves a comprehensive decorating of the site in compliance with fashion trends and personal preferences of the owners.
But not everyone can afford the services of expensive professionals, and the limited space does not usually require extensive work. The optimal way out is to take the arrangement of the site into your own hands.
Photo of the garden plot design