Before engaging in the design of the garden, you should decide on the use of decor: are you planning a temporary or durable placement? It will depend on this, what materials will be used in the arrangement: strong and solid structures or short-lived exterior items. Designing a garden with your own hands is not so difficult. The main thing – careful planning and imagination.
The correct arrangement of all the elements in the adjacent area is the key to a harmonious composition. It can turn a space of any size into an object of envy and admiration.
For a clear understanding of what the right composition is, and for a dose of inspiration, designers advise studying photos of beautiful garden design on the property.
It’s easy to make mistakes in plot design. That’s why you should be more careful about it. First of all, it is necessary to clearly understand what a composition is. In this case, the composition is the balance of all elements of the garden, the appearance of which creates a coherent and pleasant impression.
To begin with, it is necessary to determine the center of the composition. The location of this element can be any, because the center it is called only because of the brightness and attractiveness. The central object should stand out. Its feature may be its size, shape, brightness or original design.
Combine the central object should also be with interesting objects of the exterior, but they must not necessarily stand out against its background. However, these elements should have something in common with the center of the composition. For example, bear the same functions or have the same color scheme.
The number of such objects should be in the range of 3 to 5 pieces. Also, “third level” objects can be used in the center. They must echo the main object in the same way and their number is not limited.
For the integrity of the design of the garden plot it is necessary to unite the house and the garden. The so-called links between them should be many. There is a concept called “echo effect”, which is the duplication of elements of the house in the garden. It can be the same facade finishing materials, shapes and colors. The flora, in this case, complements this harmony in the garden.
The design of the dwelling should include transitional elements to the site. For example, stairs and terraces. An excellent option would be to decorate the porches of the house with greenery (e.g., vines), which will serve as a smooth transition to the flowering garden.
Another element of harmonious balance is proportions. In the case of garden design in the country house, it must be the proportions of all elements in the adjacent area.
In the design of a small garden, it is very important to maintain harmony. In a small area, bizarre and complex shapes of bushes and trees will look out of place, as well as ridiculous and bulky objects. Proper shapes (square, oval, circle and s-shape) will add effectiveness.
As for the color scheme, there are no hard restrictions, because the garden itself is multi-colored. However, you should not be atomized and use all the shades of the color palette indiscriminately.
Yes, flowers can be bright and varied, but they should be combined with each other or placed in separate areas of the area. When looking at a homestead plot should form a beautiful and harmonious picture.
For simplicity in decorating the garden with flowers, you can use a special palette of shades, namely, certain combinations given by one color wheel.
Several options are provided in choosing a palette:
- Nuanced. The application of shades of only one color.
- Tonal. The use of colors located next to each other on the same circle.
- Contrasting. Using colors that are opposite to each other.
With any choice, two, three or at most four colors should be represented. Multicolors in the garden must be carefully considered, because an abundance of incongruent shades can be terribly irritating.
One of the main elements of the garden plot is exactly the flowerbeds. It is not necessary to learn the basics of landscape design to decorate the garden and vegetable garden on your own.
To begin with, it is necessary to decide on the location of the future flower garden. The site should be on the sunny and not windy side. Designers advise to arrange one large flowerbed instead of several small ones. But here we should start from the harmony of the composition of the garden and your preferences.
It is not necessary to construct too complex designs. To choose colors, it is advisable to draw a preferred color scheme on paper and assess how well it will fit in the exterior.
If there is a desire to use bright colors, you should divide the beds into strips of the same tone. Alternating white and black stripes will be appropriate here.
It is worth observing the rules of a harmonious composition of the flowerbed: bright and tall flowers – in the center, medium-grown – in the middle, and small – at the edges. Also, trees and shrubs can be planted in the bed, accentuating them.
The type of soil, climate, and timing of flowering influence the choice of plants for the flowerbed. Flowers should bloom at the same time. With proper planning, it is possible to achieve permanent flowering throughout the season.
It is recommended to arrange the flowerbeds in an elevated position so that it does not look flat. The bed is limited to sod covered with decorative stones.
A water plot is able to diversify the design of the garden and attract attention to itself. That’s why the arrangement of a pond on the homestead plot is so popular now.
Nevertheless, young ponds, even beautifully decorated, can look unnatural. In order to change this situation, it is enough to plant perennials around it. This adds integrity to the composition and creates a smooth transition from the pond to the garden and home.
When choosing decorative elements and plants for the pond, you should be aware of exactly what impression it should create. In the warm season, the pond is undoubtedly the embodiment of freshness. And that is exactly the impression you want the flora by the water. Big-leafed plants are ideal for decorating the banks of the pond.
For the beauty of this site, you need to keep in mind the needs of the plants that will be planted near the shores of the pond. It is necessary to think about where and what kind of soil is located and what conditions there are for landscaping.
Anyway, for a comfortable existence about 30% of the water surface should be placed in the shade. Accordingly, some of the plants will also be in a place isolated from the sun. Therefore, it is worth to think about which ones will be located here.
Another design secret can also be used to add integrity: laying stones between plants of different kinds. This will brighten the transition from shadow to light and create a harmonious structure of the object.
To create the perfect garden with your own hands, you only need to follow a few rules:
- Consultation with experts before directly planning the site;
- site zoning;
- Selection of flora according to landscape and climate.
Photo tips on how to design a garden
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