How to grow a good harvest of vegetables, spending a minimum of effort and time? And you want the garden to please the eye, not to be boring solid rows, strips of beds. But it is possible to turn it into a flower garden, to arrange the garden on the principle of a flower garden. And for vegetables you can build flowerbeds, mixborders, lawns, etc., you need only desire and imagination.
A vegetable garden can look quite aesthetically pleasing, beautiful, original. Having set a goal to create a flower garden for yourself, at the very beginning you only need to spend time and effort once, and in subsequent years will only plant, water, clean and rejoice that the plot is beautiful, cozy, that such gardening allows you to devote your leisure time to other hobbies, meetings with friends, full-fledged recreation.
This photo of a vegetable garden on a dacha plot demonstrates one of the options for a decorative vegetable garden, which is quite possible for everyone to create on their plot.
Brief content of the article:
Decorating the vegetable garden
A beautiful vegetable garden in the country house can be separated from the house and yard by a low-growing hedge. For a living and useful fence are quite suitable quince Japanese, lapwort, barberry tunberg and admiration, rose hips, hawthorn, black currant, golden currant, alpine, St. John’s wort, gooseberry, Mahonia holly. These shrubs tolerate pruning well, they can be used to form any original borders, fences.
Vegetables of different colors can create a whole artistic canvas on the garden plot. This is quite possible for anyone. However, when creating such a vegetable garden, you need to take into account several factors necessary for the conceived vegetable garden to bring joy and benefit, to be beautiful and productive.
Let’s consider a few tips for decorating a vegetable garden at the cottage, which will help to easily and easily achieve a great result and harvest.
Before starting directly to make a plan for the breakdown of sections of the vegetable garden, you should consider that the vegetables need a sunny place, shielded from northern winds (you can protect the beds with a taller hedge, and from evergreen shrubs).
Space should be left for a compost pile, which can be decorated with herbaceous perennials (sage, lavender, St. John’s wort, oregano, etc.), low shrubs.
The place under the garden should not be located far from the irrigation system. It is obligatory to observe crop rotation in beautiful beds.
Planning a vegetable garden
First you need to determine the composition of the soil on the plot, its acidity, composition (sandy, clay, peat, limestone, loam). This is important because, for example, sorrel, potatoes like acidic soil, medium acidic – carrots, turnips, pumpkins, root crops, moderate – onions, legumes, cucumbers, and neutral and slightly alkaline – cabbage, beets.
When planning a vegetable garden, consider how much time can be allotted to care for it. Usually it is eight or nine beds, which can be arranged in the form of geometric shapes, like a square, triangle, different rays.
The sun should illuminate one side of them from sunrise and the other side at sunset, which is especially important for light-loving vegetables, herbs, i.e., beds are placed from north to south. The minimum light for plants is from 6 am to 7 pm.
It is good if the plot for the garden is on a flat place, but if the territory is uneven, then it is better to give it for the south or southeast, southwest gentle slopes, but the north is absolutely not suitable for this.
Do not forget about the drainage of beds – good drainage is necessary to ensure that the root system of plants to develop and strengthen, and not rot from an excess of moisture, not suffocated from the lack of oxygen in too wet soil.
When planning the vegetable garden, it should be taken into account that the agronomy of some crops is completely different plants need for light, moisture, soil composition. Therefore, first plan the zones, and already the zones – to beds. Such planning makes it easy to observe the compatibility of plants with each other, to ensure proper crop rotation, which will allow to get a good harvest.
The beds and the paths between them should be comfortable and proportionate. The bed should not be too wide – so that both sides can freely reach the middle of it. And the path – so that you can walk on it freely, even better – so that the garden wheelbarrow can freely pass on it.
Paths between the beds should not overgrow with weeds and take a lot of time to weed, it is better to cover them. There are different options for equipping paths – turf grass, resistant to trampling, covering with tiles, gravel, broken bricks.
To prevent weeds from sprouting through them, you should first lay a light-tight geotextile or roofing felt, and on it already – crushed stone, gravel, rock crumbs, other material.
On sale there are various ready-made plates for garden paths – rubber, plastic, or special roll coverings. Another option is a covering made of plastic bottle caps, which can also serve as a massage mat.
For a decorative vegetable garden make different kinds of beds: high, vertical, wall-mounted beds, beds-corners, beds-pyramids, etc. This is especially valuable and practical if the plot is small, and you want to grow a lot of different vegetable crops.
High beds – are created practically for one season mainly for gourds, sometimes – for potatoes. They are filled with compost and covered with soil. In areas where bears are widespread, compost is not added, and the beds are raised by adding soil.
The most popular beds-crops, with which, as the details of the constructor, you can lay out the territory as the soul desires. They are made simply: fences are installed on the previously planned and prepared places, then in such a box at the bottom is poured drainage material (crushed stone, brick chips, pebbles, gravel, claydite, etc.), a small layer of sand is poured on it, and then the prepared soil is added. Fencing of such beds are boards, slate, plastic sheets.
For a small plot and not only another option is a pyramid bed. It refers to the vertical gardening. Most often pyramids are used for strawberries, but you can plant in them and other plants.
Therefore, pyramid beds are used not only for practical benefit, but also as an element of landscape design. It can be made from any improvised materials, any size and shape. Used, for example, plastic bottles, car tires, metal or plastic pipes, even flower pots.
They make pyramids out of wood, plastic. They can be made in different shapes, heights, diameters – as the imagination prompts and as will be convenient.
Vertical beds can be wall-mounted, or in the form of a rack, from plastic crates, from tires, construction mesh, wooden or plastic barrels, PVC sewage pipes, plastic bottles, wooden pallets, etc. It is better to fill such beds with ready-made soil, better – bought in the store.
But such beds are more suitable for strawberries, herbs, flowers. The soil quickly dries out and depletes, so the plants have to be fed and watered more often.
When creating an ornamental vegetable garden, you need to think about the right way to water, which is very important especially during the dry seasons.
The most popular way is watering from a hose with a sprayer. You can use various containers (e.g. plastic bottles) that are buried in the soil, from small holes water will seep directly to the roots.
Another method is drip. A pipe with small holes is laid in the box as the box itself is laid, then connected to the main hose or pipe. Drip irrigation saves a lot of time, effort and water consumption. Now in special stores are sold ready-made kits for drip irrigation.
To make the plants feel comfortable in such beautiful, original beds, to gather good harvests, you can apply some secret like little things. However, little things help a lot in caring for the vegetable garden and growing your favorite plants:
- it is good to add hydrogel to the soil of vertical beds – it will not dry out quickly, but – longer retain moisture
- next to the vegetables it is useful to plant velvets, nasturtiums and other neighboring flowers, which naturally protect other plants from pests
- if ants suddenly got infested in the beds, you can plant a celandine bush right in the anthill – the ants will go away
- It is good to put a mesh on the bottom of beds-boxes – moles will not spoil the planting
- After harvesting vegetables, it is good to sow siderates into the beds immediately
- mustard – quickly gives green mass, disinfects the soil, gets rid of wireworms, nourishes with nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium
- Sufflower – structures, loosens the soil, which helps plant roots to breathe, increases moisture capacity
- lupine – gives a lot of green mass, enriches the soil with nitrogen, loosens the soil, scares away May beetle larvae, bears and other soil pests with its roots
- Vetch and oats enrich the soil with nitrogen and potassium
- next to vegetables, you can plant honey plants (white clover, mother-and-bloodwort, honeydew, mint, melissa, cucumber grass, phacelia), which will attract bees, which will provide pollination of flowers to increase the yield
- The mole does not like parsley, marigold, and calendula; by planting them around the perimeter, you can protect your vegetable garden
Photo of a vegetable garden on a garden plot