There is no way to do without a cozy house at the cottage – albeit small, but light, comfortable, warm. From the rain, wind, snow, it will save, you can stay overnight. Many people today love outdoor activities, are familiar with the tent, but in the cottage, still need a house. And where there is a house, you need a sewer.
You need to make room for a tree, a bed, a greenhouse, a tank. Will there be enough for a shower, a sink, a toilet? Of course there is. It’s good if the plot has more than 6 hectares. As they say, in this case we are lucky.
If the area is small, you will have to put more effort initially, but then relax at your own pleasure. Photos of sewers in the country house – a clear demonstration of how well everything can actually work out. It is worth looking at them. It will be comfortable and easy after the modernization.
Safety comes first
How to make a sewer system for a country house? First, a scheme of wiring pipes inside the room and on the perimeter. It must comply with the rules of SNIP. Pipes are purchased, their installation begins. However, this is not where you should start. First of all, it is necessary to choose a storage collector.
The basis of the sewage system in the country house is a cesspool. It is periodically cleaned, timely treated with special substances for proper, safe processing of organic compounds.
Is it worth it to make a cesspool for the sewage system in the country house? Often choose this option, but it has minuses. In the past, there was no alternative, and all attention was paid to the quality of its creation. Brickwork, poured concrete – so did a reliable, practical purification, storage facility. Now we can do something different.
Bacteria and household chemicals are a major threat. They can get into the ground if the storage or purification tank is not made properly. That’s why it’s better to carefully study how it’s made, learn about the latest developments and only then make a decision.
And even better to entrust the work to a specialist. When you have a well in your dacha, you can accidentally poison the water in it. Groundwater can also be poisoned. Such a service as turnkey sewerage is often offered. In newspapers, on the Internet, on city bulletin boards you can find coordinates for contact, find out the price, clarify other points.
The pipes must connect tightly, the cesspool must also be airtight. Is it easy to achieve this effect by yourself? Often create a sewage system in the country house with their own hands, because only the owners know where and what grows. But experts can do everything very carefully, with minimal losses. It is only necessary to discuss the main points with them in advance.
There are more and more stories on television about the work of builders and plumbers from private firms in the United States, for example. At any moment an American may want to build an artificial pond or fountain in his yard, for example. Builders and plumbers will not stain the carpet or ruin the pool tile. The drainage system on the site should also be easy to install. Entrusting the work to professionals can make sure of that.
And a specialist, unfortunately, will not be able to do anything if a classic cesspool is planned, but plumbing is also carried out. The load will be large, excessive.
Types of storage and cleaning tanks
- A purpose-built, factory-made storage tank;
- septic tanks;
- Local wastewater treatment plants (LWTPs) or automatic installations (AU);
- Ring sewer.
These are worthy competitors to the cesspool. They guarantee safety and comfort. By studying their features, you can choose the best option for yourself.
A storage tank is a guarantee of tightness. It is looked after in the same way as a cesspool, the operation is completely unburdensome. This is the easiest and most effective option, so it is popular.
It’s being installed in areas of varying size. It’s not the area, it’s the requirements. It can hold more sewage than a cesspool, but less than a septic tank.
If there’s electricity.
VOCs or AUs can only be installed when there is electricity in the dacha. They are supplemented with an electronic control unit, which simplifies operation, but for most dacha owners this may seem like a luxury. Not everyone will agree to take and install such a collector.
VOCs or AUs are smaller than a septic tank. They cost, of course, more than a storage tank. In autonomous mode, they can work no more than four hours. So they are still designed for the amateur, the admirer of progress, fashionable inventions.
Septic tanks are a compromise
A septic tank for summer homes is a large-sized system, although there are different models. Perhaps this is their only disadvantage. The system consists of several tanks in which the liquid is purified and eventually it can be used for irrigation.
Insoluble elements settle to the bottom. They need to be removed every two or three years, to clean the system. It is this collector can be called a universal technology. The main thing is to find a place for it on the site, to follow the rules of safe operation.
Suitable for dacha also sewage system with accumulators in the form of concrete rings. Use the brand KS, rings of different sizes. The advantages are obvious: the cost will be significantly reduced, they are safe, they do not take up much space, they are easy to install and they look aesthetically pleasing.
The disadvantage is the low capacity. But it is often necessary to save water, to spend it sparingly. It may well be that concrete rings are what you are looking for, the ideal option.
Scheme will help avoid emergencies
A sewer and plumbing diagram is a drawing, a plan, an official document that should not be thrown away. It will come in handy if trenches are dug and not only in this case.
It depicts the main elements, their position and the pipes connected to them. SNIP rules will help you place them correctly. After the scheme is drawn, it is necessary to make an estimate, to purchase materials. The first to be installed is the riser, then the pipes are laid.
The sewer pipe is led out of the house through a hole in the foundation. If it was not made, you should think about alternative solutions. In particular, the construction of an extension such as a kitchen or bathroom, toilet. This time it is important to provide a hole in the foundation for the pipe.
Or you should discuss the problem with a specialist, who will help solve the problem taking into account the individual characteristics of the situation. The sewage system in the country house is usually installed unpressurized. That is why it is so important to install the pipe at foundation level.
Autonomous sewer system on the site – a comfort that everyone can afford. It is not a problem to install it. The main thing is to decide. You may have to redesign the garden, the vegetable garden. It is important to choose the right time to preserve valuable varieties. Thanks to such modernization, the dacha will turn into a favorite place for active recreation.
A picture of the sewer system at the cottage.