100 photos basic structures and reinforcement measures




Plots with a slope can be considered not the most successful for the construction of suburban seasonal housing. For its arrangement will take a lot of time and effort, but the result is always worth the spent resources. It is on a site with a slope you can give free rein to your imagination and to the full extent to express themselves as a landscape designer.

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Preparatory work on a site with a slope

It is important to properly carry out all the stages of preparatory work on a suburban plot. To create a comfortable and beautiful suburban plot it is necessary to strengthen the slopes, create terraces, think about the system of irrigation and drainage.

When developing the landscape design of a site on a slope, it is necessary to take into account the nature of the soil, the angle of the slope and its location. The most favorable is the southern slope. Such a location allows unhindered cultivation of vegetables and fruits, arrange gazebos and recreational facilities.

Northern slopes are much worse in terms of creating a beautiful, drowning in greenery and flowers plot. Throughout the day, the site remains in shade, greatly reducing its attractiveness. In addition, the lack of sunlight makes the ground cold and damp, which can negatively affect the already arranged terraces.


The most convenient and frequently used way to hide severe elevation differences in a site is to create terraces and zones. Before you start creating levels on a site on a slope, you need to work on the layout and creation of zones. It is important to prioritize and properly calculate the space needed for work, recreation, green spaces.

Each terrace should be connected to the neighboring one. This can be either stairs or paths. When organizing ascents, they should be as gentle as possible, so that the ascent is not tedious and difficult.

It is desirable that the height of the steps does not exceed 10 cm. It is better to make the steps deeper. The material of the stairs depends entirely on taste preferences: wood, stone, tile.

After drawing up a plan for the location of terraces, determining their number and marking on the ground begin to strengthen the slopes.

Soil consolidation

An important step in the design of a site on a slope will be to strengthen the soil and create support walls of terraces. This will preserve the created landscape for a long time, prevent its destruction by ground and storm water, and prolong the life of structures.

Before you strengthen the slopes on the site, it is necessary to drown a few important points at once:

  • The height of the groundwater table;
  • the slope of the site;
  • soil type;
  • distance to the nearest water body;
  • ground pressure.

A site with a slight slope can be strengthened without problems by planting vegetation with a developed root system. Dry soil can be strengthened in this way, but it will require a well-developed irrigation system.

If the slope is high, support walls may be required. Such structures help to relieve the pressure of the soil on the slope and prevent soil washout and erosion. Such support structures can be constructed of stone, bricks, slabs, and wood treated with moisture-repellent impregnation.

When selecting a support wall material, you should consider its strength and durability, the required height of the walls to be built, and the features of the chosen design.

Stone walls are among the most durable and sturdy. The technology of laying stone for such walls originated a long time ago. Such walls last a long time and look very beautiful, but the creation process takes a very long time and requires some creative thinking. The stones are stacked on top of each other without fixing mortar. They should be chosen according to each other.

Stone can be used with mortar or by pre-pouring a concrete base. This method is much easier than the previous one and is more durable.

Bricks or building blocks are used to make large terraces or large drop walls. However, before erecting such walls it is necessary to lay a solid strip foundation.

Support walls made of moisture-impregnated wood can be made from logs up to 15 cm in diameter, or from dense planks. Such walls are not as strong and should not exceed 30-40 cm. To create a support made of wood will require additional poles or a concrete base, as well as waterproofing film on the ground side.

In addition, geotextile or geomats can be used to strengthen the ground on the site. Such materials have a fairly high resistance to moisture, protect the soil from ultraviolet rays and frost, easy to install and very environmentally friendly, can be used on sites with any slope.

Irrigation and drainage systems

When backfilling a terrace, you should immediately consider the availability of drainage and drainage. If necessary, several drains and troughs can be installed to drain accumulated storm water.

The first word in the terrace always has a drainage function. It is made of sand and gravel. After a layer of earth, and fertile soil is laid on top. After a few days, a layer of fertile soil is added, as the natural shrinkage of the soil occurs. Only after that, you can confidently begin to improve the site.

Design solutions for a site with a slope

Beauty and functionality is something that every owner of a country site needs. Pre-planned zones and having an idea of something specific makes it much easier to arrange a comfortable environment.

It is necessary to immediately determine the purpose of the dacha plot – recreation with family and friends, creating a vegetable garden and growing vegetables and fruits, or all at once. After you can choose the style you like, looking at several options for photos of arrangement of the site on a slope.

Almost any design solution can be done in relief plots. It can be a small garden in the Japanese style, a French park, a rustic garden, a garden in the art nouveau or country style. Use the differences in the terraces to create waterfalls and ponds, not forgetting to strengthen them with concrete blocks, plant climbing plants, twining them arbors and walls of buildings.

There are no limits here except imagination and desire. Hiring a landscape designer is not necessary at all, the main thing is to put your soul and all your creativity, and the result will not disappoint.

Photo of a site on a hillside


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